An Evidence Review of Ageing, Long-Term Care Provision and Funding Mechanisms in Turkey: Using Existing Evidence to Estimate Long-Term Care Cost
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. A Review of Statistical Ageing Indicators in the Region
2.2. A Review of the Literature
- What are the size, characteristics and state of older people, and what are the determinants of LTC needs in Turkey?
- What are the current LTC policies and provisions in Turkey?
- How is LTC funded in Turkey?
2.3. Using Existing Projection LTC Funding Models to Estimate the Cost of LTC in Turkey
- GDP per capita represents the share of total productivity.
- Female labour force participation rate is used as a proxy for informal care provision.
- Age dependency ratio: the population aged 65 (OECD uses the 80 years threshold) and above to the total population. This parameter is considered a control parameter .
3.1. Population Ageing in Turkey
3.2. Welfare Model and LTC Provision in Turkey
3.3. Financing Long-Term Care in Turkey
3.4. Estimating LTC Expenditures in Turkey Using Existing Evidence and Data
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Country||Population Aged 65 and Above (% of the Total Population)||Population Aged 0–14 (% of the Total Population)||Ageing Index||Ageing Index Group|
|Egypt, Arab Rep.||5.2||33.2||15.7||(15,30]|
|Iran, Islamic Rep.||5.1||23.6||21.4||(15,30]|
|Model Description||WAIC||LOO||WAIC Diff||LOO Diff|
|Common intercept||11.3 (SE = 7.2)||11.8 (SE = 7.3)||4.3 (SE = 0.9)||0.4 (SE = 0.4)|
|Random intercept||2.7 (SE = 5.3)||11.1 (SE = 7.4)|
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Ismail, M.; Hussein, S. An Evidence Review of Ageing, Long-Term Care Provision and Funding Mechanisms in Turkey: Using Existing Evidence to Estimate Long-Term Care Cost. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6306. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116306
Ismail M, Hussein S. An Evidence Review of Ageing, Long-Term Care Provision and Funding Mechanisms in Turkey: Using Existing Evidence to Estimate Long-Term Care Cost. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):6306. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116306Chicago/Turabian Style
Ismail, Mohamed, and Shereen Hussein. 2021. "An Evidence Review of Ageing, Long-Term Care Provision and Funding Mechanisms in Turkey: Using Existing Evidence to Estimate Long-Term Care Cost" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 6306. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116306