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Open AccessArticle

Fear of Non-Employability and of Economic Crisis Increase Workplace Harassment through Lower Organizational Welfare Orientation

1
Department of Human Science, European University of Rome, 00163 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Social Psychology, Universidad de Sevilla, 41004 Sevilla, Spain
3
Department of Strategy, Management and Organizations, International University of Monaco, 98000 Monaco, Monaco
4
Department of Psychology, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28933 Madrid, Spain
5
Financial Economics and Accounting Department, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
6
Department of Management, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
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Facultad de Administración y Negocios, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Santiago 425, Chile
8
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3876; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093876
Received: 31 March 2020 / Revised: 24 April 2020 / Accepted: 5 May 2020 / Published: 9 May 2020
There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that economic crisis is a preeminent stressor (i.e., economic stress) that may worsen working conditions and expose individuals to negative acts at work (i.e., workplace bullying). Following an occupational health perspective that considers contextual factors as risk factors for workplace bullying, this study aims to examine the mediation effects of organizational orientation to employee welfare in the economic stress-workplace bullying relationship. A cross-sectional study with the participation of 1004 Italian workers from several organizations was conducted. Our results indicate that economic stress (composed of two dimensions: fear of the economic crisis and perceived non-employability) is associated with workplace bullying through the total mediation of organizational orientation to employee welfare. These results have relevant implications for psychosocial risk assessment in turbulent times. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic stress; employability; workplace bullying; psychosocial risks; workplace harassment economic stress; employability; workplace bullying; psychosocial risks; workplace harassment
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Giorgi, G.; León-Perez, J.M.; Montani, F.; Fernández-Salinero, S.; Ortiz-Gómez, M.; Ariza-Montes, A.; Arcangeli, G.; Mucci, N. Fear of Non-Employability and of Economic Crisis Increase Workplace Harassment through Lower Organizational Welfare Orientation. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3876.

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