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Open AccessArticle

Development and Validation of a Spanish Short Servant Leadership Survey (SSLS6-3F) among Spanish Workers in Religious Non-Profit Organizations

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Financial Economics and Accounting Department, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, European University, 00163 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Management, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3766; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093766
Received: 31 March 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 30 April 2020 / Published: 6 May 2020
Religious non-profit organizations are becoming increasingly important in the third sector in a wide range of countries, where they are currently leading players in different areas, such as education, healthcare, and social work. These organizations have the peculiarity of providing a service to their users while transmitting them the values of their mission statement. An usually employed and effective management strategy for these institutions is a servant leadership style. This article seeks to introduce a theoretical discussion of this leadership approach by providing a Spanish version of an instrument for measuring servant leadership in Spanish religious non-profit institutions. To this end, workers of different Spanish faith-based non-profit organizations of the third sector, a relatively unexplored context, were analyzed after obtaining 463 valid questionnaires. This study used the Spanish translation of a seven-item and three-factor servant leadership scale. An exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was performed. The results confirm that the six-item and three-factor servant leadership scale was the most effective scale to measure this construct. In conclusion, this research covers a notable research gap by providing a reliable and valid Spanish short version of the servant leadership scale for workers of Spanish religious non-profit organizations. View Full-Text
Keywords: servant leadership; scale validation; religious non-profit organizations; exploratory factor analysis (EFA); confirmatory factor analysis (CFA); authentic leadership; transactional leadership; authenticity; work engagement; subjective wellbeing servant leadership; scale validation; religious non-profit organizations; exploratory factor analysis (EFA); confirmatory factor analysis (CFA); authentic leadership; transactional leadership; authenticity; work engagement; subjective wellbeing
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Ortiz-Gómez, M.; Giorgi, G.; Molina-Sánchez, H.; Ariza-Montes, A. Development and Validation of a Spanish Short Servant Leadership Survey (SSLS6-3F) among Spanish Workers in Religious Non-Profit Organizations. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3766.

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