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Open AccessArticle

Effects of the COVID-19 Lockdown on Urban Mobility: Empirical Evidence from the City of Santander (Spain)

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E.T.S. de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
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Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Università Della Calabria, 87036 Rende, Italy
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Transport System Research Group (GIST), Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
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Research Group on Sustainable Mobility and Railways Engineering (SUM+Lab), Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
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Faculty of Engineering and Sciences, Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad Diego Portales, 8320000 Santiago, Chile
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Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale, del Territorio, Edile e di Chimica, Politecnico di Bari, 70126 Bari, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3870; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093870
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 1 May 2020 / Accepted: 5 May 2020 / Published: 9 May 2020
This article analyses the impact that the confinement measures or quarantine imposed in Spain on 15 March 2020 had on urban mobility in the northern city of Santander. Data have been collected from traffic counters, public transport ITS, and recordings from traffic control cameras and environmental sensors to make comparisons between journey flows and times before and during the confinement. This data has been used to re-estimate Origin-Destination trip matrices to obtain an initial diagnostic of how daily mobility has been reduced and how the modal distribution and journey purposes have changed. The impact on externalities such as NO2 emissions and traffic accidents have also been quantified. The analysis revealed an overall mobility fall of 76%, being less important in the case of the private car. Public transport users dropped by up to 93%, NO2 emissions were reduced by up to 60%, and traffic accidents were reduced by up to 67% in relative terms. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; coronavirus; mobility; traffic; confinement; quarantine; outbreak COVID-19; coronavirus; mobility; traffic; confinement; quarantine; outbreak
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aloi, A.; Alonso, B.; Benavente, J.; Cordera, R.; Echániz, E.; González, F.; Ladisa, C.; Lezama-Romanelli, R.; López-Parra, Á.; Mazzei, V.; Perrucci, L.; Prieto-Quintana, D.; Rodríguez, A.; Sañudo, R. Effects of the COVID-19 Lockdown on Urban Mobility: Empirical Evidence from the City of Santander (Spain). Sustainability 2020, 12, 3870. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093870

AMA Style

Aloi A, Alonso B, Benavente J, Cordera R, Echániz E, González F, Ladisa C, Lezama-Romanelli R, López-Parra Á, Mazzei V, Perrucci L, Prieto-Quintana D, Rodríguez A, Sañudo R. Effects of the COVID-19 Lockdown on Urban Mobility: Empirical Evidence from the City of Santander (Spain). Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3870. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093870

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aloi, Alfredo; Alonso, Borja; Benavente, Juan; Cordera, Rubén; Echániz, Eneko; González, Felipe; Ladisa, Claudio; Lezama-Romanelli, Raquel; López-Parra, Álvaro; Mazzei, Vittorio; Perrucci, Lucía; Prieto-Quintana, Darío; Rodríguez, Andrés; Sañudo, Roberto. 2020. "Effects of the COVID-19 Lockdown on Urban Mobility: Empirical Evidence from the City of Santander (Spain)" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3870. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093870

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