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Article

The Care Farming Sector in The Netherlands: A Reflection on Its Developments and Promising Innovations

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Wageningen Plant Research, Wageningen University & Research, 6700AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen University & Research, 6700AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University & Research, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
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Wageningen Economic Research, Wageningen University & Research, 2502 LS The Hague, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3811; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093811
Received: 3 April 2020 / Revised: 26 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 May 2020 / Published: 7 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Farming for Social Innovation and Viability in Rural Areas)
This paper describes the development of care farming in the Netherlands, one of the pioneering countries in this sector, where care farming has developed into a very diverse sector, with some farmers focussing primarily on agricultural production and others more specifically on providing care services. Care farms are increasingly open to a diversity of participants. The sector has become professionalised with the establishment of strong regional organisations and a steady growth increase in revenues, providing employment opportunities and boosting the economy of rural areas. In this paper, we highlight two promising innovations in care farming: education for school dropouts and the establishment of social farming activities in cities. These innovations face the challenge of connecting not only the agricultural and care sectors, but also the educational sector and the urban context. Initiators face a number of challenges, like trying to embed their activities in the educational sector, a mismatch in regulations and a lack of legitimacy in the case of education on care farms, as well as problems gaining access to land and a lack of recognition in the case of social farming in urban areas. However, the prospects are promising in both cases, because they match the changing demands in Dutch society and are able to integrate social, ecological and economic benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: care farm; social farming; innovation; education; urban farming care farm; social farming; innovation; education; urban farming
MDPI and ACS Style

Hassink, J.; Agricola, H.; Veen, E.J.; Pijpker, R.; de Bruin, S.R.; Meulen, H.A.B.v.d.; Plug, L.B. The Care Farming Sector in The Netherlands: A Reflection on Its Developments and Promising Innovations. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3811. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093811

AMA Style

Hassink J, Agricola H, Veen EJ, Pijpker R, de Bruin SR, Meulen HABvd, Plug LB. The Care Farming Sector in The Netherlands: A Reflection on Its Developments and Promising Innovations. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3811. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093811

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hassink, Jan, Herman Agricola, Esther J. Veen, Roald Pijpker, Simone R. de Bruin, Harold A.B.v.d. Meulen, and Lana B. Plug. 2020. "The Care Farming Sector in The Netherlands: A Reflection on Its Developments and Promising Innovations" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3811. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093811

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