Next Article in Journal
The Effect of School Design on Users’ Responses: A Systematic Review (2008–2017)
Previous Article in Journal
Organizational Democracy in the Private Sector: A Field Research
Article

Climatic Change and Habitat Availability for Three Sotol Species in México: A Vision towards Their Sustainable Use

1
Laboratorio de Cambio Climático y Conservación de Recursos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Av. Universidad S/N Fracc. Filadelfia, Gómez Palacio, Dgo C. P. 35020, Mexico
2
INIFAP-Durango. Campo Experimental Valle del Guadiana, Carr. Durango-El Mezquital km 4.5, Durango, Dgo C. P. 34170, Mexico
3
Centro de Bachillerato Tecnológico Agropecuario 162. Carr. Mexico-Veracruz vía Texcoco km 95, Francisco I. Madero, Tlax C. P. 90280, Mexico
4
Laboratorio de Química y Física de Suelos, Facultad de Agricultura y Zootecnia, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Carretera Gómez Palacio—Tlahualilo km. 32. Venecia, Gómez Palacio, Dgo C. P. 35111, Mexico
5
Laboratorio de Ecología y Evolución, Centro de Estudios Ecológicos, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Avenida Universidad S/N Fracc. Filadelfia, Gómez Palacio, Dgo C. P. 35010, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3455; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083455
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 9 April 2020 / Accepted: 10 April 2020 / Published: 23 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
The industrial production and commercialization of distilled beverages from Sotol plants (Family: Asparagaceae, Subfamily: Zolinoideae and Genus: Dasylirion) has witnessed a steady growth in recent decades; this condition involves a greater use of the raw material that comes almost exclusively from natural populations, which could compromise the sustainability of the marginalized areas of Northern México. In the present work, habitat availability was evaluated for the presence and use of the species; Dasylirion wheeleri (S. Watson ex Rothr.), Dasylirion cedrosanum (Trelease), and Dasylirion durangense (Trelease) in México, considering different scenarios of climate change. For this purpose, we used the niche’s spatial analysis from a correlative approach. The results show that under the current climate, the species studied have a predominantly low habitat suitability in the central region of the Chihuahuan desert, with D. cedrosanum being the species with the lowest suitability. For the year 2050, a slight increase in the habitat suitability is expected only for D. durangense and D. wheeleri. This suggests that D. cedrosanum could be considered as the species with the greatest vulnerability to the possible climatic variations generated by global climate change. Likewise, the analysis of the results indicates that D. durangense is the one who has the greatest potential for use; however, it is necessary to consider that many of its populations may be climatically stressed and an inappropriate use could put them at risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dasylirion; climatic change; niche; sustainable Dasylirion; climatic change; niche; sustainable
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Becerra-López, J.L.; Rosales-Serna, R.; Ehsan, M.; Becerra-López, J.S.; Czaja, A.; Estrada-Rodríguez, J.L.; Romero-Méndez, U.; Santana-Espinosa, S.; Reyes-Rodríguez, C.M.; Ríos-Saucedo, J.C.; Domínguez-Martínez, P.A. Climatic Change and Habitat Availability for Three Sotol Species in México: A Vision towards Their Sustainable Use. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3455. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083455

AMA Style

Becerra-López JL, Rosales-Serna R, Ehsan M, Becerra-López JS, Czaja A, Estrada-Rodríguez JL, Romero-Méndez U, Santana-Espinosa S, Reyes-Rodríguez CM, Ríos-Saucedo JC, Domínguez-Martínez PA. Climatic Change and Habitat Availability for Three Sotol Species in México: A Vision towards Their Sustainable Use. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3455. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083455

Chicago/Turabian Style

Becerra-López, Jorge L., Rigoberto Rosales-Serna, Muhammad Ehsan, Jesús S. Becerra-López, Alexander Czaja, José L. Estrada-Rodríguez, Ulises Romero-Méndez, Saúl Santana-Espinosa, César M. Reyes-Rodríguez, Julio C. Ríos-Saucedo, and Pablo A. Domínguez-Martínez 2020. "Climatic Change and Habitat Availability for Three Sotol Species in México: A Vision towards Their Sustainable Use" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3455. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083455

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop