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Review

The Effect of School Design on Users’ Responses: A Systematic Review (2008–2017)

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Department of Education, Psychology, Philosophy, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
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Department of Psychology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, 20132 Milano, Italy
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Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3453; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083453
Received: 27 January 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 16 April 2020 / Published: 23 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
This systematic review focused on the effect of the educational environment design on students’ and teachers’ performance, satisfaction, and wellbeing. Starting from a bulk of 1307 articles, a set of N = 68 empirical papers was selected and organized on the basis of four different content clusters, i.e., architectural building design and aesthetic features, indoor environmental features, classroom design, and school green spaces/outdoor spaces. From the analysis of research findings, the key role of pleasant, warm, and flexible learning environments emerged, for promoting both wellbeing and performance of users. More specifically, the presence of charming colors and pictures, ergonomic furniture, and adequate acoustic, thermal comfort, ventilation, and natural lighting have emerged as important features that school designers should care for. Furthermore, an integration of both indoor and outdoor learning situations showed to be effective for improving students’ learning and wellbeing. View Full-Text
Keywords: school architectural features; psychological responses; learning space; students’ performance; users’ wellbeing school architectural features; psychological responses; learning space; students’ performance; users’ wellbeing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manca, S.; Cerina, V.; Tobia, V.; Sacchi, S.; Fornara, F. The Effect of School Design on Users’ Responses: A Systematic Review (2008–2017). Sustainability 2020, 12, 3453. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083453

AMA Style

Manca S, Cerina V, Tobia V, Sacchi S, Fornara F. The Effect of School Design on Users’ Responses: A Systematic Review (2008–2017). Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3453. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083453

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manca, Sara, Veronica Cerina, Valentina Tobia, Simona Sacchi, and Ferdinando Fornara. 2020. "The Effect of School Design on Users’ Responses: A Systematic Review (2008–2017)" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3453. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083453

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