Next Article in Journal
Development of Environmental Health Competencies through Compulsory Education. A Polyhedral Approach Based on the SDGs
Previous Article in Journal
Carbon Emission Calculation Method and Low-Carbon Technology for Use in Expressway Construction
Article

Social Life-Cycle Assessment of Household Waste Management System in Kabul City

Department of Environmental Engineering, Ritsumeikan University 1–1–1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3217; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083217
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 7 April 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Social Ecology and Sustainability)
The present study constitutes the first social life cycle assessment (SLCA) study in Afghanistan and aims at assessing the social performance of the waste management system (WMS) of Kabul city. The system boundary considered includes households generating the waste, the sanitation department of Kabul city, scavengers, recycling shops, the recycling factory, and the local community living in its vicinity. Compared to previous SLCA studies that consider one stakeholder per organization, we distinguished between the manager and the worker level for each organization. In total, eight stakeholders, 90 inventory indicators, and 20 impact subcategories were investigated. Results show three main social issues: the overwork of scavengers, recycling shop owners and recycling factories’ workers and managers, the absence of communication and implication of the local community, and the poor cleanliness of the surroundings of the recycling factory and collection points. At the sanitation department, managers were found facing more psychological stress and overwork than workers, demonstrating the current isolation of the department inside Kabul’s local government. It seems nonetheless possible to improve Kabul’s WMS by redesigning the location of garbage bins and conducting communication campaigns towards consumers and the local community. That would help to minimize the nuisances associated with the handling of waste and to integrate better waste management activities into the socio-economy of Kabul city. View Full-Text
Keywords: Kabul city; social life cycle assessment (S-LCA); social sustainability; UNEP/SETACT guidelines; waste management Kabul city; social life cycle assessment (S-LCA); social sustainability; UNEP/SETACT guidelines; waste management
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Azimi, A.N.; Dente, S.M.R.; Hashimoto, S. Social Life-Cycle Assessment of Household Waste Management System in Kabul City. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3217. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083217

AMA Style

Azimi AN, Dente SMR, Hashimoto S. Social Life-Cycle Assessment of Household Waste Management System in Kabul City. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3217. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083217

Chicago/Turabian Style

Azimi, Ahmad N., Sébastien M.R. Dente, and Seiji Hashimoto. 2020. "Social Life-Cycle Assessment of Household Waste Management System in Kabul City" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3217. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083217

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop