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Valuation of Wetland Ecosystem Services in National Nature Reserves in China’s Coastal Zones

by Xiaowei Li 1,2,3, Xiubo Yu 4,5, Xiyong Hou 1,2,3,*, Yubin Liu 1,2,3,6, Hui Li 7, Yangming Zhou 8, Shaoxia Xia 4, Yu Liu 4, Houlang Duan 4,6, Yuyu Wang 9, Yuehan Dou 10, Meng Yang 4 and Li Zhang 11,*
1
Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China
2
CAS Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research (YIC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); Shandong Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes, YICCAS, Yantai 264003, China
3
Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Nanhai Road, Qingdao 266071, China
4
Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
5
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
6
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
7
School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Ludong University, Shandong, Yantai 264039, China
8
School of Geography and Environment, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
9
School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
10
Land Use Planning Group, Wageningen University and Research, 6700HB Wageningen, The Netherlands
11
Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3131; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083131
Received: 4 March 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 13 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
Wetlands provide ecosystem services for regional development, and, thus, have considerable economic value. In this study, a combination of evaluation methods was carried out to evaluate the wetland ecosystem services provided by national nature reserves in 11 coastal provinces/municipalities in China. We constructed a literature database containing 808 observations (over 170 papers) on field-scale research for wetlands in China’s coastal zones. Using this literature database, as well as land use (LU) data, net primary productivity (NPP), and statistical data, and digital elevation model (DEM) data, we established a valuation framework and database for nine important ecosystem services of the 13 wetland types in the study area. After the large-scale academic literature review, the ordinary kriging offered by Geostatistical Analyst tools was used to interpolate the physical dimensions of the unmeasured locations. The results showed that: 1) the wetland ecosystem services in 35 national nature reserves have a total value of 33.168 billion USD/year; 2) the values of wetland ecosystem services revealed considerable spatial variability along China’s coastal zones; and 3) assessments provide additional insights into the trade-offs between different ecosystem services and wetland types. The valuation framework and database established in this study can contribute to the mapping of wetland ecosystem services in coastal zones. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetland ecosystem services; coastal national nature reserves; land use; spatial distribution; valuation wetland ecosystem services; coastal national nature reserves; land use; spatial distribution; valuation
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Li, X.; Yu, X.; Hou, X.; Liu, Y.; Li, H.; Zhou, Y.; Xia, S.; Liu, Y.; Duan, H.; Wang, Y.; Dou, Y.; Yang, M.; Zhang, L. Valuation of Wetland Ecosystem Services in National Nature Reserves in China’s Coastal Zones. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3131.

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