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Open AccessArticle

Spatial Differentiation of Land Use and Landscape Pattern Changes in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Area

1
Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 3040; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12073040
Received: 18 February 2020 / Revised: 1 April 2020 / Accepted: 2 April 2020 / Published: 10 April 2020
Landscape pattern analysis based on geometric features effectively reflects the spatial patterns of land use. Based on the administrative boundaries of prefecture-level cities, the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei collaborative development area is divided into three sub-regions, according to ecological–production–living functions. We used remote sensing data of long time series land-use change from late 1980 to 2015, and analyzed landscape pattern changes and spatial differentiation in the past 30 years. The results show that: (1) The main type of land-use change was the flow of cultivated land to urban construction land, and the urbanization process was significant. (2) The urban construction land was the landscape type with the highest degree of fragmentation and maximum land-use change in the region. (3) The patch density in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei area increased while the average patch area decreased, and the entire landscape tended towards significant fragmentation. The Shannon diversity and evenness indexes continued to increase, indicating that the overall landscape in this region is heterogeneous and diversified. The ecological and environmental protection measures implemented in this region so far have achieved results, but require more stringent measures to ensure the total diversification of land use in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei collaborative development area; land use; landscape pattern; spatial and temporal characteristics; ecological-production-living space Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei collaborative development area; land use; landscape pattern; spatial and temporal characteristics; ecological-production-living space
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Wang, Y.; Zhao, X.; Zuo, L.; Zhang, Z.; Wang, X.; Yi, L.; Liu, F.; Xu, J. Spatial Differentiation of Land Use and Landscape Pattern Changes in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Area. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3040.

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