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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Community Resilience: Empirical Evidence in the Nickel Mining Industry in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

1
Department of Agricultural Extension, Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma, Halu Oleo University, Kendari 93132, Indonesia
2
Development Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Selangor 43600, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1395; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041395 (registering DOI)
Received: 6 January 2020 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 31 January 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
Mining is an important industry in Indonesia. A nickel mining company has operated for almost 45 years. It has managed corporate social responsibility (CSR) programmes in the neighbouring local community. In addition to the environmental conservation and mitigation, as well as socioeconomic enhancement, the CSR is expected to nurture resilience in the local communities. This study’s goal is to examine the effect of CSR on community resilience (COM-R) in the surrounding community. To analyse the effect of CSR practise on COM-R, Partial Least Squares -Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM) is used. Results show that CSR has a positive effect on and a significant relationship with COM-R. Results also indicate that CSR’s contribution to COM-R enhances community collective efficacy, community action, and adaptation. Thus, the verified CSR and COM-R model benefits other researchers, companies, and governments to be further explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: corporate social responsibility (CSR), community resilience; community capability; mining industry corporate social responsibility (CSR), community resilience; community capability; mining industry
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Zainuddin Rela, I.; Awang, A.H.; Ramli, Z.; Taufik, Y.; Md Sum, S.; Muhammad, M. Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Community Resilience: Empirical Evidence in the Nickel Mining Industry in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1395.

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