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Open AccessReview

Embedding Cultivated Diversity in Society for Agro-Ecological Transition

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INRAE, UMR BAGAP (Biodiversity, Agroecology and Landscape management), 65 rue de Saint Brieuc, 35042 Rennes, France
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Louis Bolk Institute, Hoofdstraat 24, 3972 LA Driebergen, The Netherlands
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Organic Research Centre, Trent Lodge, Stroud Road, Cirencester GL7 6JN, UK
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Université Paris-Saclay, INRAE, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS, AgroParisTech, UMR GQE–Le Moulon, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
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Rete Semi Rurali, Via di Casignano 25, 50018 Scandicci (FI), Italy
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FiBL-Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, 5070 Frick, Switzerland
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ITAB (Institut Technique de l’Agriculture Biologique), 149 Rue de Bercy, 75012 Paris, France
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Department of Plant Breeding, Agricultural Research Institute, 1516 Nicosia, Cyprus
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ÖMKi, Hungarian Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Miklós tér 1, 1033 Budapest, Hungary
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LUKE, Natural Resources Institute Finland, FI-31600 Jokioinen, Finland
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ARCHE NOAH, Obere Straße 40, A-3553 Schiltern, Austria
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Department of Agrobiotechnology, Agricultural Research Institute, 1516 Nicosia, Cyprus
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Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, Escola Superior Agrária de Coimbra, Bencanta, 3045-601 Coimbra, Portugal
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CIRAD, UMR AGAP Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, F-34398 Montpellier, France
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Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, 56124 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 784; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030784
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 14 January 2020 / Published: 21 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic Resources for Sustainable Agriculture)
Agroecology calls for a global approach, integrating scientific, practical, and advocacy dimensions, to redesign agricultural systems based on ecological and socio-cultural processes and emphasizing biodiversity. This review is grounded on the results of DIVERSIFOOD, a European H2020 multi-actor research project, and explores the concept of cultivated diversity using various dimensions relevant to foster sustainable organic food systems and agro-ecological transition. From the evaluation of underutilized genetic resources and forgotten crops, DIVERSIFOOD has proposed plant breeding strategies, on-farm experimentation, and statistical tools to create new populations, landraces, and organic cultivars with intra-varietal diversity. The added value of Community Seed Banks and forms of collective seed management in Europe have been described in terms of goals and activities, and their value for improving seed regulations, treaties, and genetic resources management is discussed. In the context of the current agro-food system characterized by standardization, DIVERSIFOOD raised awareness of qualities of ‘biodiverse food systems’ in which all actors have a role to play. It highlighted the critical capacity to preserve a diversity of cultural values embodied in ‘biodiverse products’, thereby involving consumers in collective strategies for reviving diversity, and empowering all actors of organic food systems to really and efficiently implement research within their farms and networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: agrobiodiversity; agroecological transition; biodiverse food systems; participatory research; genetic resources; community seed bank; organic plant breeding; multi-actor approach agrobiodiversity; agroecological transition; biodiverse food systems; participatory research; genetic resources; community seed bank; organic plant breeding; multi-actor approach
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Chable, V.; Nuijten, E.; Costanzo, A.; Goldringer, I.; Bocci, R.; Oehen, B.; Rey, F.; Fasoula, D.; Feher, J.; Keskitalo, M.; Koller, B.; Omirou, M.; Mendes-Moreira, P.; van Frank, G.; Naino Jika, A.K.; Thomas, M.; Rossi, A. Embedding Cultivated Diversity in Society for Agro-Ecological Transition. Sustainability 2020, 12, 784.

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