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Article

Sustainable Extraction and Use of Natural Bioactive Compounds from the Waste Management Process of Castanea spp. Bud-Derivatives: The FINNOVER Project

1
Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Science—DISAFA, University of Torino, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy
2
Chestnut R&D Center, 12013 Chiusa di Pesio, Italy
3
Department of Pharmacy—DIFAR, University of Genoa, 16148 Genova, Italy
4
Azienda Agricola Geal Pharma, 10060 Bricherasio, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10640; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410640
Received: 17 November 2020 / Revised: 9 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 19 December 2020
The FINNOVER project provides a technical and economic path for the creation of new supply chains, or their development, for the sustainable extraction and utilization of natural biologically active molecules. In this research, a green extraction method and re-use strategy of botanical by-products are developed and used to obtain value-added products as an ecological alternative to waste composting or incineration. It was applied to the production of Castanea spp. bud-derivatives (a specific category of food supplements derived from plant material) and their by-products. This study aimed to compare the phytochemical composition of Castanea spp. bud-preparations (herbal preparations from buds and sprouts) with the extracts derived from the bud-waste management process. Bioactive compounds were extracted by maceration in hydroglyceroalcoholic solution (traditional method) and by a green extraction technique (Pulsed Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction—PUAE) and identified and quantified by HPLC methods obtaining a specific chromatographic profile. PUAE extracted a total content of 160.42 mg/100 g FW, a good amount if compared to the relative commercial product (1276.17 mg/100 g FW). About 13% of the chemical content of Castanea spp. bud-preparations was maintained in the by-product extracts. This research showed that PUAE may be considered as a sustainable alternative to waste management based on incineration or composting. This study could be considered by the industries for the development of new products for the market derived from the bud-derivative processing waste. View Full-Text
Keywords: chestnut; bud-preparations; processing waste; eco-sustainable extraction; botanicals chestnut; bud-preparations; processing waste; eco-sustainable extraction; botanicals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Donno, D.; Turrini, F.; Boggia, R.; Guido, M.; Gamba, G.; Mellano, M.G.; Riondato, I.; Beccaro, G.L. Sustainable Extraction and Use of Natural Bioactive Compounds from the Waste Management Process of Castanea spp. Bud-Derivatives: The FINNOVER Project. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10640. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410640

AMA Style

Donno D, Turrini F, Boggia R, Guido M, Gamba G, Mellano MG, Riondato I, Beccaro GL. Sustainable Extraction and Use of Natural Bioactive Compounds from the Waste Management Process of Castanea spp. Bud-Derivatives: The FINNOVER Project. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10640. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410640

Chicago/Turabian Style

Donno, Dario, Federica Turrini, Raffaella Boggia, Maddalena Guido, Giovanni Gamba, Maria Gabriella Mellano, Isidoro Riondato, and Gabriele L. Beccaro. 2020. "Sustainable Extraction and Use of Natural Bioactive Compounds from the Waste Management Process of Castanea spp. Bud-Derivatives: The FINNOVER Project" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10640. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410640

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