Next Article in Journal
A High Step-Up Partial Power Processing DC/DC T-Source Converter for UPS Application
Next Article in Special Issue
Interactive Effect of Weeding Regimes, Rice Cultivars, and Seeding Rates Influence the Rice-Weed Competition under Dry Direct-Seeded Condition
Previous Article in Journal
Perceived Overqualification and Job Crafting: The Curvilinear Moderation of Career Adaptability
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Optimized N, P, and K Fertilization for Bermudagrass Integrated Turf Performance during the Establishment and Its Importance for the Sustainable Management of Urban Green Spaces
Article

Mitigation of Osmotic Stress in Cotton for the Improvement in Growth and Yield through Inoculation of Rhizobacteria and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Coated Diammonium Phosphate

1
Department of Agronomy, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, Multan 60800, Pakistan
2
Plant Nutrition Section, Mango Research Institute, Multan 60000, Pakistan
3
Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan 60000, Pakistan
4
Department of Entomology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, Multan 66000, Pakistan
5
Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
6
Laboratory of Tropical and Mediterranean Symbioses, CIRAD, 34398 Montpellier, France
7
Department of Geology and Pedology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska1, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
8
Hainan Key Laboratory for Sustainable Utilization of Tropical Bioresource, College of Tropical Crops, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
9
Department of Agronomy, The University of Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 21120, Pakistan
10
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Shaikh 33516, Egypt
11
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
12
Forestry and Wood Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture (El-Shatby), Alexandria University, Alexandria 21545, Egypt
13
Crop Science Group, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation (INRES), University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany
14
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10456; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410456
Received: 23 October 2020 / Revised: 5 December 2020 / Accepted: 7 December 2020 / Published: 14 December 2020
Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is one of the major fiber crops. Its production is under threat due to scarcity of water resources under a changing climatic scenario. Limited water availability also decreases the uptake of phosphorus, and less uptake of phosphorus can deteriorate the quality attributes of cotton fiber. There is a need to introduce bio-organic amendments which can mitigate osmotic stress on a sustainable basis. Inoculation of rhizobacteria can play an imperative role in this regard. Rhizobacteria can not only improve the growth of roots but also enhance the availability of immobile phosphorus in soil. That is why the current experiment was conducted to explore and compare the efficacy of sole application of diammonium phosphate (DAP) over plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and phosphorus solubilizing bacteria (PSB) coated DAP on growth and quality attributes of cotton under artificially induced osmotic stress at flowering stage. The impact of phosphorus levels was found to be significant on the plant height, leaf area, average boll weight, stomatal conductance, net photosynthetic rate, and seed cotton yield, while the irrigation effect was significant on all the parameters. The PGPR coated phosphorus performed better as compared to other treatments under normal irrigation and osmotic stress. Results showed that PGPR coated phosphorus increased by 29.47%, 21.01%, 41.11%, 32.73%, 15.63% and 22.89% plant height, average boll weight, stomatal conductance, net photosynthetic rate, fiber length, and seed cotton yield respectively. In conclusion, PGPR coated DAP can be helpful to get higher cotton productivity as compared to control and sole application of DAP under normal irrigation and osmotic stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: cotton; inorganic fertilizers; PGPR; PSB; osmotic stress cotton; inorganic fertilizers; PGPR; PSB; osmotic stress
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Majid, M.; Ali, M.; Shahzad, K.; Ahmad, F.; Ikram, R.M.; Ishtiaq, M.; Alaraidh, I.A.; Al-hashimi, A.; Ali, H.M.; Zarei, T.; Datta, R.; Fahad, S.; El Sabagh, A.; Hussain, G.S.; Salem, M.Z.M.; Habib-ur-Rahman, M.; Danish, S. Mitigation of Osmotic Stress in Cotton for the Improvement in Growth and Yield through Inoculation of Rhizobacteria and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Coated Diammonium Phosphate. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10456. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410456

AMA Style

Majid M, Ali M, Shahzad K, Ahmad F, Ikram RM, Ishtiaq M, Alaraidh IA, Al-hashimi A, Ali HM, Zarei T, Datta R, Fahad S, El Sabagh A, Hussain GS, Salem MZM, Habib-ur-Rahman M, Danish S. Mitigation of Osmotic Stress in Cotton for the Improvement in Growth and Yield through Inoculation of Rhizobacteria and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Coated Diammonium Phosphate. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10456. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majid, Muhammad, Muqarrab Ali, Khurram Shahzad, Fiaz Ahmad, Rao M. Ikram, Muhammad Ishtiaq, Ibrahim A. Alaraidh, Abdulrahman Al-hashimi, Hayssam M. Ali, Tayebeh Zarei, Rahul Datta, Shah Fahad, Ayman El Sabagh, Ghulam S. Hussain, Mohamed Z.M. Salem, Muhammad Habib-ur-Rahman, and Subhan Danish. 2020. "Mitigation of Osmotic Stress in Cotton for the Improvement in Growth and Yield through Inoculation of Rhizobacteria and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Coated Diammonium Phosphate" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10456. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410456

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop