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Open AccessArticle

Applying the ICAT Sustainable Development Methodology to Assess the Impacts of Promoting a Greater Sustainability of the Charcoal Value Chain in Mozambique

Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo 1100, Mozambique
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Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10390; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410390
Received: 3 October 2020 / Revised: 23 October 2020 / Accepted: 26 October 2020 / Published: 11 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transparency of Climate Policies for Sustainability Transition)
This study assesses greenhouse gas emission (GHG) reductions and sustainable development impacts connected to the nationally appropriate mitigation action (NAMA) on sustainable charcoal production in Mozambique. The analysis covers the results of the ex-ante assessment of the NAMA potential contribution to the achievement of Mozambique’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target. The expected impacts show that the proposed actions tied to NAMA (e.g., introducing improved kilns, sustainable forest management, briquetting of charcoal waste and torrefaction) can cumulatively lead to emission reductions amounting to 314,521 ± 45,138 t CO2-eq (119% reduction) by 2025, and 442,706 ± 26,766 t CO2-eq (113% reduction) by 2030 at the national level, compared to a business as usual scenario. This shifting represents a transformation of the charcoal sector from a net source of emissions to net carbon sequestrating. The analysis also identifies a wide range of sustainable development cobenefits, including increased income, improved gender equity, job creation (23% increase by 2025, and 15% decrease by 2030), and increased revenue (USD 825,000 by 2025, and USD 1.6 million by 2030). The assessment process concluded that unless robust data collection, processing, and sharing is put in place, a full assessment of all direct and indirect environmental, social, and economic impacts cannot be comprehensively reported. Finally, we highlight the lessons learned and specific barriers for a robust monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) of the given policy under the current MRV set up and available capacities. View Full-Text
Keywords: charcoal value chain; sustainable development goal; national determine action; enhanced transparency framework; greenhouse gas emission; charcoal production; biomass energy charcoal value chain; sustainable development goal; national determine action; enhanced transparency framework; greenhouse gas emission; charcoal production; biomass energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lisboa, S.N.; Mate, R.; Manjate, A.; Sitoe, A. Applying the ICAT Sustainable Development Methodology to Assess the Impacts of Promoting a Greater Sustainability of the Charcoal Value Chain in Mozambique. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10390. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410390

AMA Style

Lisboa SN, Mate R, Manjate A, Sitoe A. Applying the ICAT Sustainable Development Methodology to Assess the Impacts of Promoting a Greater Sustainability of the Charcoal Value Chain in Mozambique. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10390. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410390

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lisboa, Sá N.; Mate, Rosta; Manjate, Américo; Sitoe, Almeida. 2020. "Applying the ICAT Sustainable Development Methodology to Assess the Impacts of Promoting a Greater Sustainability of the Charcoal Value Chain in Mozambique" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10390. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410390

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