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Article

Modelling of Health Risk Associated with the Intake of Pesticides from Romanian Fruits and Vegetables

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Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, “Cristofor Simionescu” Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, 73 Prof. D. Mangeron Blvd, 700050 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Horticultural Technologies, Faculty of Horticulture, “Ion Ionescu de la Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Iasi, 3 Mihail Sadoveanu Alley, 700490 Iasi, Romania
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Academy of Romanian Scientists, 3 Ilfov Street, 050044 Bucharest, Romania
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 10035; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310035
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 23 November 2020 / Accepted: 28 November 2020 / Published: 1 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment, Food and Public Health)
This study is focused on the assessment of risks caused by pesticide residues to Romanian and other European populations, by modelling the acute and chronic risks considering short- and long-term exposures to pesticide residues in specific fruits and vegetables from different Romanian regions. Data were obtained from the Romanian 2016 official monitoring programme. For assessing the dietary risk, we used the Pesticide Residue Intake model—PRIMo. According to the official data, it was found that 50.44% of fruit samples and 28.25% of vegetable samples were contaminated with pesticides. Our study focused on acute risks and chronic risks (in a maximalist worst-case scenario) posed by pesticide residues in strawberries, apples, lettuce and potatoes, given both their high degree of consumption and contamination with pesticides. The short-term exposure assessment of children’s health due to consumption of apples, lettuce and potatoes contaminated with dimethoate, chlorothalonil and carbendazim, revealed exposure levels higher than the acute reference dose (ARfD, as 100%), raising acute risks. On the other hand, the long-term exposure assessment showed that the highest percentage from the acceptable daily intake (ADI, as 100%) was obtained for German children (DE child) (273.9%), followed by Netherlands children (NL child) (143.7%) diets, based on consumption of apples with dimethoate residues. Therefore, serious measures are needed for banning pesticides such as dimethoate, chlorothalonil and carbendazim from all countries in the EU. This would reduce the health risks generated by the consumption of contaminated fruits and vegetables. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruits and vegetables; pesticides residues; PRIMo model; short-term and long-term exposures; WHO cluster diets fruits and vegetables; pesticides residues; PRIMo model; short-term and long-term exposures; WHO cluster diets
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MDPI and ACS Style

Minuț, M.; Roșca, M.; Hlihor, R.-M.; Cozma, P.; Gavrilescu, M. Modelling of Health Risk Associated with the Intake of Pesticides from Romanian Fruits and Vegetables. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10035. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310035

AMA Style

Minuț M, Roșca M, Hlihor R-M, Cozma P, Gavrilescu M. Modelling of Health Risk Associated with the Intake of Pesticides from Romanian Fruits and Vegetables. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):10035. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310035

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minuț, Mariana, Mihaela Roșca, Raluca-Maria Hlihor, Petronela Cozma, and Maria Gavrilescu. 2020. "Modelling of Health Risk Associated with the Intake of Pesticides from Romanian Fruits and Vegetables" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 10035. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310035

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