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Open AccessArticle

The Use of Parallel Computing to Accelerate Fire Simulations for Cultural Heritage Buildings

Fire Science Department, Central Police University, Taoyuan City 33304, Taiwan
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 10005; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310005
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 25 November 2020 / Accepted: 27 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Project Intelligence and Management)
This study proposes an optimization design to improve the accuracy of fire risk models by combining the results of the UFSM (Urban Fire Spread Model, Japan) with the United States (US) Fire Simulation Software FDS6.7.3 (Fire Dynamics Simulator, FDS). Using parallel processing, the simulation time was dramatically reduced, and this may assist the risk factor analysis of buildings in a large area. Fire destroyed all seven main structures of the Shuri Castle World Heritage site on 31 October 2019, and this tool may have identified risk factors, which could have been mitigated and potentially prevented the building loss. Other historical buildings may benefit from using this tool to identify their relevant risk factors. This study completed a full-scale simulation of the 76 m × 45 m × 15 m area, which contained the nine temples, with 6.4 million grids for a simulation time of 600 s in 45 h. This tool can assist in input-data risk factor analysis and contribute to the improvement of protection technology for cultural heritage buildings. View Full-Text
Keywords: tangible cultural heritage; fire risk resilience; FDS; parallel processing; full-scale dimension tangible cultural heritage; fire risk resilience; FDS; parallel processing; full-scale dimension
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Y.-H. The Use of Parallel Computing to Accelerate Fire Simulations for Cultural Heritage Buildings. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10005. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310005

AMA Style

Huang Y-H. The Use of Parallel Computing to Accelerate Fire Simulations for Cultural Heritage Buildings. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):10005. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Yu-Hsiang. 2020. "The Use of Parallel Computing to Accelerate Fire Simulations for Cultural Heritage Buildings" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 10005. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310005

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