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Article

Transformation of Trolleybus Transport in Poland. Does In-Motion Charging (Technology) Matter?

1
Faculty of Economics, University of Gdańsk, Armii Krajowej 119/121, 81-824 Sopot, Poland
2
Faculty of Transport, Warsaw University of Technology, Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warszawa, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9744; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229744
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 19 November 2020 / Accepted: 19 November 2020 / Published: 22 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Transport Sustainability and Innovation)
Transport in cities is one of the most important sources of emissions. Electromobility is an essential element in the catalogue of activities of local authorities aimed at combating climate change. Over the years trolleybus transport has been characterised by both phases of development and regression and is still an essential component of zero-emission urban transport in about 300 cities worldwide. The development of electricity storage technology, especially in the form of a battery, has opened up new prospects for this mode of transport. A trolleybus equipped with a battery (in-motion charging technology) gains unique characteristics for operation independent of the catenary. This study presents the approach for assessing the development of in-motion charging for trolleybuses in all Polish cities operating this means of transport. A set of KPIs has therefore, been set and analysed. The analysis covers a comparison between 2014 and 2019, aimed at showing the development of technological innovations in this field. The results clearly show that in-motion charging technology leads to the development of trolleybus transport, although this development has mainly a qualitative dimension. A key factor determining the development of trolleybus transport using in-motion charging technology is progress in the development of traction batteries. View Full-Text
Keywords: public transport; trolleybus transport; electromobility; energy efficiency public transport; trolleybus transport; electromobility; energy efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wołek, M.; Szmelter-Jarosz, A.; Koniak, M.; Golejewska, A. Transformation of Trolleybus Transport in Poland. Does In-Motion Charging (Technology) Matter? Sustainability 2020, 12, 9744. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229744

AMA Style

Wołek M, Szmelter-Jarosz A, Koniak M, Golejewska A. Transformation of Trolleybus Transport in Poland. Does In-Motion Charging (Technology) Matter? Sustainability. 2020; 12(22):9744. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229744

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wołek, Marcin, Agnieszka Szmelter-Jarosz, Marcin Koniak, and Anna Golejewska. 2020. "Transformation of Trolleybus Transport in Poland. Does In-Motion Charging (Technology) Matter?" Sustainability 12, no. 22: 9744. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229744

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