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Mobility Behaviour in View of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Public Transport Users in Gdansk Case Study

1
Department of Transport and Logistics, Gdynia Maritime University, 81-225 Gdynia, Poland
2
Department of Economics and Management of Transport Companies, University of Gdansk, 80-309 Gdańsk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 364; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010364
Received: 14 December 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 3 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Transport Sustainability and Innovation)
The COVID-19 pandemic, like an earthquake, shocked our civilization and is still having a devastating effect on our lives. Guaranteeing an appropriate level of safety in the conditions of an epidemic is a highly problematic issue due to the subjectivism of social individuals, their diverse attitudes, and past life experiences. Taking into account the World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines regarding the pandemic, authorities all around the world have reacted by issuing the necessary sets of advice and legal acts. This resulted in immediate and severe implications on mobility styles. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on mobility behaviours with special regard to public transport users, in terms of their willingness to travel and their safety criteria perceptions. The city of Gdańsk, in Poland, located on the Baltic Sea, has been taken as an example. The hypothesis was as follows: the epidemic phenomenon may substantially affect mobility behaviours in terms of subjective levels of safety and the mental comfort of public transport users, resulting in avoiding this form of transport. In accordance with the survey results, carried out among the users, 90% of respondents resigned or limited their usage. Almost 75% of them plan to return to using public transport when the epidemic situation has stabilized. The others, unfortunately, have completely lost hope that public transport will ever be safe. These results indicate decisively that the future of public transport in cities, and the willingness of passengers to use it once the epidemic is over, depends majorly on the perceived comfort and safety during the epidemic. This means that transport policies should be focused on enhancing these perceptions and making sure that the image of public transport is not in further decline; otherwise, it could mean an almost impossible effort to encourage passengers to return to using sustainable modes of transport in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobility behaviour; public transport users; COVID-19 pandemic; Gdansk agglomeration mobility behaviour; public transport users; COVID-19 pandemic; Gdansk agglomeration
MDPI and ACS Style

Przybylowski, A.; Stelmak, S.; Suchanek, M. Mobility Behaviour in View of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Public Transport Users in Gdansk Case Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 364. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010364

AMA Style

Przybylowski A, Stelmak S, Suchanek M. Mobility Behaviour in View of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Public Transport Users in Gdansk Case Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(1):364. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010364

Chicago/Turabian Style

Przybylowski, Adam, Sandra Stelmak, and Michal Suchanek. 2021. "Mobility Behaviour in View of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Public Transport Users in Gdansk Case Study" Sustainability 13, no. 1: 364. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010364

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