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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Environmental Factors on Academic Performance of University Students Taking Online Classes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Mexico

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, Tecnológico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Tijuana, Tijuana 22414, Mexico
2
Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua 32310, Mexico
3
Chemical Sciences and Engineering Faculty, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Tijuana 22390, Mexico
4
Engineering, Architecture and Design Faculty, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Ensenada 22870, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 9194; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219194
Received: 28 September 2020 / Revised: 28 October 2020 / Accepted: 2 November 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic and the quarantine period determined that university students (human resource) in Mexico had adopted the online class modality, which required them to adapt themselves to new technologies and environmental conditions that are different from classrooms at their university. Specifically, these new environmental conditions can be uncomfortable and have an impact on the students’ academic performance. Consequently, the present study aims to determine the impact that the lighting, noise, and temperature levels (independent variables) have on academic performance (dependent variable) in university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. To do this, a questionnaire was developed, which was applied to 206 university students online, and a structural equation model was built that integrates the four variables through three hypotheses, which were statistically validated through the partial least squares method. Results showed that temperature, lighting, and noise have significant direct effects on university students’ academic performance. As a conclusion, it was obtained that the three independent variables have an impact in the sustainability of university students (human resource). View Full-Text
Keywords: academic performance; COVID-19 pandemic; environmental conditions; lighting; Mexican universities; noise; online classes; structural equation model; temperature; university students academic performance; COVID-19 pandemic; environmental conditions; lighting; Mexican universities; noise; online classes; structural equation model; temperature; university students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Realyvásquez-Vargas, A.; Maldonado-Macías, A.A.; Arredondo-Soto, K.C.; Baez-Lopez, Y.; Carrillo-Gutiérrez, T.; Hernández-Escobedo, G. The Impact of Environmental Factors on Academic Performance of University Students Taking Online Classes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Mexico. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9194. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219194

AMA Style

Realyvásquez-Vargas A, Maldonado-Macías AA, Arredondo-Soto KC, Baez-Lopez Y, Carrillo-Gutiérrez T, Hernández-Escobedo G. The Impact of Environmental Factors on Academic Performance of University Students Taking Online Classes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Mexico. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):9194. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Realyvásquez-Vargas, Arturo; Maldonado-Macías, Aidé A.; Arredondo-Soto, Karina C.; Baez-Lopez, Yolanda; Carrillo-Gutiérrez, Teresa; Hernández-Escobedo, Guadalupe. 2020. "The Impact of Environmental Factors on Academic Performance of University Students Taking Online Classes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Mexico" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 9194. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219194

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