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Article

Higher Density Environments and the Critical Role of City Streets as Public Open Spaces

1
Curtin University Sustainability Policy (CUSP) Institute, Curtin University, Perth 6845, Australia
2
Fachbereich 1, Architektur, Bauingenieurwesen and Geomatik, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, 60318 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 8896; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218896
Received: 24 September 2020 / Revised: 14 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 27 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Household Behaviors: Consumption and Mobility)
This paper explores the relationship between crowding and streets as public open spaces in high-density urban environments from the perspectives of perceived density and human needs, two antecedents to crowdedness. City streets are the places through which various forms of crowding are perceived and experienced. Hence, they can play a role in easing this sense of crowding if corresponding strategies are put in place. The paper argues that practices, such as traffic calming and self-building, can transform the streets to serve as public open space, which increases spaciousness and eases crowding. It also puts forward tactical urbanism as a strategy for city governance to create the right conditions encouraging flourishing civil society initiatives in a dense primary environment that is invigorating and at the same time has a level of crowding perceived as both comfortable and liveable. View Full-Text
Keywords: streets; perceived density; human needs; dense sprawl; compactness; primary environment; traffic calming; self-building; tactical urbanism; sustainability; autophotography streets; perceived density; human needs; dense sprawl; compactness; primary environment; traffic calming; self-building; tactical urbanism; sustainability; autophotography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wen, L.; Kenworthy, J.; Marinova, D. Higher Density Environments and the Critical Role of City Streets as Public Open Spaces. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8896. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218896

AMA Style

Wen L, Kenworthy J, Marinova D. Higher Density Environments and the Critical Role of City Streets as Public Open Spaces. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):8896. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218896

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wen, Liang, Jeffrey Kenworthy, and Dora Marinova. 2020. "Higher Density Environments and the Critical Role of City Streets as Public Open Spaces" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 8896. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218896

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