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Article

Visualizing the Intellectual Structure and Evolution of Intelligent Transportation Systems: A Systematic Analysis of Research Themes and Trends

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Academic Unit of Electrical Engineering, CONACYT-Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas 98000, Mexico
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Academic Unit of Electrical Engineering, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas 98000, Mexico
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INFOTEC-Center for Research and Innovation in Information and Communication, Ciudad de México 14050, Mexico
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Postgraduate Program of Engineering and Applied Technology (National Laboratory CONACYT-SEDEAM), Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas 98000, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 8759; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218759
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 31 August 2020 / Accepted: 2 September 2020 / Published: 22 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
According to the United Nations, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. This growth will be reflected in the demand for better services that should be adjusted to the collective and individual needs of the population. Governments and organizations are working on defining and implementing strategies that will enable them to respond to these challenges. The main challenges are related to transport and its management, considering transportation as a core issue in the economy, sustainability, and development of the regions. In this way, the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) play a key role in the response to these scenarios, being that they are the framework where the new hardware and software tools are integrated, allowing an efficient development of transportation systems management, attending to aspects such as: traffic management, communications between vehicles and infrastructures, and security, among others. Nevertheless, the concept of ITS evolves rapidly so it is necessary to understand its evolution. To do that, the current research develops a thematic analysis of ITS in literature, evaluating the intellectual structure and its evolution using SciMAT, quantifying the main bibliometric performance indicators, and identifying the main research areas, authors, journals, and countries. To this purpose, the publications related to ITS from 1993 to 2019 available in the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection were retrieved (7649 publications) and analyzed. Finally, one of the main results is the latest research themes map of ITS, considering its intellectual structure, evolution, and relationship. It assists in the definition and implementation of strategies, the identification of the scientific, academic, and business opportunities, and future research lines to consolidate the role of ITS in the new city models. View Full-Text
Keywords: Intelligent Transportation Systems; sustainability; automotive industry; intelligent vehicles; smart mobility; strategic intelligence; competitive intelligence; bibliometric analysis; science mapping; SciMAT Intelligent Transportation Systems; sustainability; automotive industry; intelligent vehicles; smart mobility; strategic intelligence; competitive intelligence; bibliometric analysis; science mapping; SciMAT
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gamboa-Rosales, N.K.; Celaya-Padilla, J.M.; Hernandez-Gutierrez, A.L.; Moreno-Baez, A.; Galván-Tejada, C.E.; Galván-Tejada, J.I.; González-Fernández, E.; Gamboa-Rosales, H.; López-Robles, J.R. Visualizing the Intellectual Structure and Evolution of Intelligent Transportation Systems: A Systematic Analysis of Research Themes and Trends. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8759. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218759

AMA Style

Gamboa-Rosales NK, Celaya-Padilla JM, Hernandez-Gutierrez AL, Moreno-Baez A, Galván-Tejada CE, Galván-Tejada JI, González-Fernández E, Gamboa-Rosales H, López-Robles JR. Visualizing the Intellectual Structure and Evolution of Intelligent Transportation Systems: A Systematic Analysis of Research Themes and Trends. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):8759. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218759

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gamboa-Rosales, Nadia Karina, José María Celaya-Padilla, Ana Luisa Hernandez-Gutierrez, Arturo Moreno-Baez, Carlos E. Galván-Tejada, Jorge I. Galván-Tejada, Edgar González-Fernández, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales, and José Ricardo López-Robles. 2020. "Visualizing the Intellectual Structure and Evolution of Intelligent Transportation Systems: A Systematic Analysis of Research Themes and Trends" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 8759. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218759

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