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Climate Adaptation Plans in the Context of Coastal Settlements: The Case of Portugal

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Formaurbis LAB, CIAUD—Research Centre of Architecture Urbanism and Design, Lisbon School of Architecture, Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-063 Lisboa, Portugal
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Geographic Data Science Lab, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZT, UK
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Urban Design Studies Unit, Department of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
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URBinLAB, CIAUD—Research Centre of Architecture Urbanism and Design, Lisbon School of Architecture, Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-063 Lisboa, Portugal
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8559; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208559
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 5 September 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue City and Port: Waterfront Integration for Sustainability)
The impact of sea-level rise on coastal towns is expected to be a major challenge, with millions of people exposed. The climate-induced risk assessment of coastal areas subject to flooding plays an essential role in planning effective measures for adaptation plans. However, in European legislation, as well as in the regional plans adopted by the member states, there is no clear reference to urban settlement, as this concept is variable and difficult to categorise from the policy perspective. This lack of knowledge makes it complicated to implement efficient adaptation plans. This research examines the presence of the issue in Portugal’s coastal settlements, the European coastal area most vulnerable to rising sea levels, using the case of seashore streets as the most exposed waterfront public urban areas. Using the morphometric classification of the urban fabric, we analyse the relationship between urban typology and legislative macro-areas aimed at providing integrated adaptation plans. The study suggests that there is only a minimal relationship between the proposed classification and the geographical zones currently identified in coastal planning policies. Such incongruence suggests the need for change, as the policy should be able to provide a response plan tailored to the specificities of urban areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate adaptation plan; Portugal; coastal settlements; urban morphology; urban morphometrics climate adaptation plan; Portugal; coastal settlements; urban morphology; urban morphometrics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dal Cin, F.; Fleischmann, M.; Romice, O.; Costa, J.P. Climate Adaptation Plans in the Context of Coastal Settlements: The Case of Portugal. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8559. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208559

AMA Style

Dal Cin F, Fleischmann M, Romice O, Costa JP. Climate Adaptation Plans in the Context of Coastal Settlements: The Case of Portugal. Sustainability. 2020; 12(20):8559. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208559

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dal Cin, Francesca, Martin Fleischmann, Ombretta Romice, and João P. Costa 2020. "Climate Adaptation Plans in the Context of Coastal Settlements: The Case of Portugal" Sustainability 12, no. 20: 8559. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208559

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