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Open AccessArticle

How to Shape the Employees’ Sustainable Work Attitude: The Moderating Effect of Supervisor Attitudes

1
Department of Ocean and Border Governance, National Quemoy University, Kinmen 892, Taiwan
2
Institute of Marine Affairs and Business Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8331; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208331
Received: 12 September 2020 / Revised: 4 October 2020 / Accepted: 8 October 2020 / Published: 10 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Leadership and Education)
Education and training not only play the key role to promote the sustainable ability of employees, but in the establishment of employees’ work attitudes as well. Moreover, leaders play an important role in promoting the effectiveness of education and training. The objectives of this study were to explore the effect of the police department’s annual subject training on the work attitudes of harbor police. This study also examined the moderating effect of supervisor attitudes on the association between police training effectiveness and police’s work attitudes in expectation to more concretely understand the role of supervisor attitudes in the harbor police’s annual subject training, to consolidate the good work attitude of the police for sustainability. The frontline police officers of Taiwan’s harbor police agency were chosen as the study population. This study adopted the convenience sampling method to conduct the questionnaire survey in August 2019. It requested for the respondents who replied to the questionnaire within 15 days after receiving the questionnaire to be considered as the first respondents. For those who replied to the questionnaire no later than one month were considered as the second respondents. This paper collected a total of 584 questionnaires and 492 were valid. The result of this study showed that education and training had a highly positive effect on the work attitudes of police officers. Moreover, the overall attitudes of supervisors toward police education and training were found to have a significantly positive moderating effect on the association between education and training effectiveness and the police’s work attitudes. The results of this study prove the linkage between the effectiveness of education and training and the supervisor attitudes. View Full-Text
Keywords: education and training; work attitudes; service-oriented OCB; harbor police; supervisor attitudes education and training; work attitudes; service-oriented OCB; harbor police; supervisor attitudes
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Ma, H.-Y.; Kao, J.-C.; Kao, R.-H.; Cho, C.-C. How to Shape the Employees’ Sustainable Work Attitude: The Moderating Effect of Supervisor Attitudes. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8331.

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