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Public and Private Standards in Crop Production: Their Role in Ensuring Safety and Sustainability

Dipartimento di Agricoltura, Alimentazione e Ambiente (Di3A), University of Catania, Via S. Sofia 98-100, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 606; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020606
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 18 December 2019 / Accepted: 31 December 2019 / Published: 14 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Quality, Price and Consumer Choices)
From the comparison of regulations and/or standards for the organic, conventional and/or integrated citrus production method and a voluntary certification, it emerges that farms certified with voluntary non-regulated certification systems, such as the IFA FV GLOBALG.A.P, are obliged to take into account the highest number of aspects, reported in a more complete register, than the organic ones. Moreover, this is also supported by a continuous-time planned process of revision and updating of the applicable versions of the standard. The environmental impact of the food production, the safety aspects of food products, as well as the health, ethics, and safety aspects of workers, are largely considered and inspected in the GLOBALG.A.P., while the organic system, despite the IFOAM suggestions and indications, is only considered partially. This means that, from a practical point of view, the organic product can be considered “clean and safe”, but not more environmentally friendly than the GLOBALG.A.P. products. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic; oranges; citrus; GLOBALGAP; audit; certification; food control organic; oranges; citrus; GLOBALGAP; audit; certification; food control
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Squatrito, S.; Arena, E.; Palmeri, R.; Fallico, B. Public and Private Standards in Crop Production: Their Role in Ensuring Safety and Sustainability. Sustainability 2020, 12, 606.

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