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Article

Small and Light Electric Vehicles: An Analysis of Feasible Transport Impacts and Opportunities for Improved Urban Land Use

1
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Vehicle Concepts, Pfaffenwaldring 38–40, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Transport Research, Rudower Chaussee 72, 12489 Berlin, Germany
3
IMU Institut, Hasenbergstraße 49, 70176 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 8098; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198098
Received: 31 July 2020 / Revised: 21 September 2020 / Accepted: 23 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Automobilities in the Mobile Risk Society)
Improvements in battery technology have resulted in small and light electric vehicles (LEVs) appearing on the market in Europe since 2011—however, their market share is still comparatively low. Low energy requirements and small size can potentially contribute to sustainable mobility in terms of climate protection and reduced local emissions. Our study evaluates how three-wheeled and four-wheeled vehicles, categorised as L-Class according to Regulation (EU) No 168/2013, can contribute to more efficient use of space in urban areas. Evaluations of expert interviews, an extensive literature research, and analyses of the German national household travel survey (MiD) serve as the basis of the study. First, the substitution potential of trips through LEVs is explored using MiD data. Our findings show that between 17% and 49% of trips made and 6% to 30% of the distance covered by private trips can theoretically be substituted by LEVs. Thus, reorganisation of current land use offers potential and additionally, LEVs are an attractive and sustainable addition to other means of transport and contribute to achieving the climate protection goals of the transport sector. Due to the fact that technology application is restricted by travel behaviour and political support, our study discusses possible support by public bodies towards sustainable mobility. Here, the promotion of LEVs in combination with restrictive measures for cars is necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: LEV; light electric vehicles; urban land use; urban mobility; small electric vehicles LEV; light electric vehicles; urban land use; urban mobility; small electric vehicles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ewert, A.; Brost, M.; Eisenmann, C.; Stieler, S. Small and Light Electric Vehicles: An Analysis of Feasible Transport Impacts and Opportunities for Improved Urban Land Use. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8098. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198098

AMA Style

Ewert A, Brost M, Eisenmann C, Stieler S. Small and Light Electric Vehicles: An Analysis of Feasible Transport Impacts and Opportunities for Improved Urban Land Use. Sustainability. 2020; 12(19):8098. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ewert, Amelie; Brost, Mascha; Eisenmann, Christine; Stieler, Sylvia. 2020. "Small and Light Electric Vehicles: An Analysis of Feasible Transport Impacts and Opportunities for Improved Urban Land Use" Sustainability 12, no. 19: 8098. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198098

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