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Open AccessArticle

Groundwater Resources Assessment for Sustainable Development in South Sudan

1
Earth Sciences Department, Turin University, 10125 Torino, Italy
2
CISAO, Interdepartmental Centre of Research and Technical and Scientific Cooperation with Africa, Turin University, 10125 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5580; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145580
Received: 29 May 2020 / Revised: 7 July 2020 / Accepted: 8 July 2020 / Published: 10 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk-Informed Sustainable Development in the Rural Tropics)
The economic activities of South Sudan (East-Central Africa) are predominantly agricultural. However, food insecurity due to low agricultural production, connected with weather conditions and lack of water infrastructure and knowledge, is a huge problem. This study reports the results of a qualitative and quantitative investigation of underground and surface water in the area of Gumbo (east of Juba town) that aims to assure sustainable water management, reducing diseases and mortality and guaranteeing access to irrigation and drinking water. The results of the study demonstrate the peculiarity of surface and groundwater and the critical aspects to take into account for the water use, particularly due to the exceeding of limits suggested by the WHO and national regulation. The outcomes provide a contribution to the scientific overview on lithostratigraphic, hydrochemical and hydrogeological setting of a less-studied area, characterized by sociopolitical instability and water scarcity. This represents a first step for the improvement of water knowledge and management, for sustainable economic development and for social progress in this African region. View Full-Text
Keywords: water resources; sustainable management; local development; water for food security water resources; sustainable management; local development; water for food security
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Lasagna, M.; Bonetto, S.M.R.; Debernardi, L.; De Luca, D.A.; Semita, C.; Caselle, C. Groundwater Resources Assessment for Sustainable Development in South Sudan. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5580.

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