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Open AccessArticle

Gendered Roles in Agrarian Transition: A Study of Lowland Rice Farming in Lao PDR

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Center for Urban Transitions, Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn 3122, Victoria, Australia
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Tjikko and Swift Consulting, Woodend 3442, Victoria, Australia
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College of Business, Law & Governance, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Queensland, Australia
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School of Science and Engineering, University of Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore 4558, Queensland, Australia
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Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems (ITES), ETH Zürich, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Faculty of Agriculture, Nabong Campus, National University of Laos, Vientiane Capital P.O. Box 7322, Laos
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School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Urrbrae 5064, South Australia, Australia
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National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI), Nongviengkham Village, Xaythany District, Vientiane Capital P.O. Box 7170, Laos
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Bristol Business School, University of the West of England (UWE), Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5403; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135403
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 29 June 2020 / Accepted: 30 June 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
Traditional lifestyles of lowland rice farmers of the southern provinces of Lao People’s Democratic Republic are rapidly changing, due to two important trends. Firstly, there is a push towards modernization and commercialization of farming. Secondly, though farmers still focus on rice farming as a key activity, there is an increasing move towards diversification of livelihoods. The changes have seen the uptake of non-rice crops, livestock husbandry and forest and river utilization; as well as non-farming activities. This has influenced gender relations, impacting household agricultural production decisions and amplified transitional trends. To explore the processes, we analyzed data from a study of innovation adoption amongst rice farmers in southern Lao PDR. The study revealed nuances of gender-based differences in the priorities and attitudes towards farming and off-farm activities, as well as differences in behaviour related to the adoption of new practices. Women were more focused on non-farming practices and considered engaging in the modern, non-traditional, economy more so than men. Women also reported experiencing greater challenges when engaging and trading in the agricultural marketplace. The study supports the importance of taking a gendered approach to understanding the inherent complexities within agrarian change. View Full-Text
Keywords: rice; gender; smallholder farmers; technology adoption; Lao PDR; innovation diffusion; agrarian transition rice; gender; smallholder farmers; technology adoption; Lao PDR; innovation diffusion; agrarian transition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moglia, M.; Alexander, K.S.; Larson, S.; -Dray, A.; Greenhalgh, G.; Thammavong, P.; Thephavanh, M.; Case, P. Gendered Roles in Agrarian Transition: A Study of Lowland Rice Farming in Lao PDR. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5403. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135403

AMA Style

Moglia M, Alexander KS, Larson S, -Dray A, Greenhalgh G, Thammavong P, Thephavanh M, Case P. Gendered Roles in Agrarian Transition: A Study of Lowland Rice Farming in Lao PDR. Sustainability. 2020; 12(13):5403. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135403

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moglia, Magnus; Alexander, Kim S.; Larson, Silva; -Dray, Anne; Greenhalgh, Garry; Thammavong, Phommath; Thephavanh, Manithaythip; Case, Peter. 2020. "Gendered Roles in Agrarian Transition: A Study of Lowland Rice Farming in Lao PDR" Sustainability 12, no. 13: 5403. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135403

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