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Open AccessArticle

Flood Risk Assessment in an Underground Railway System under the Impact of Climate Change—A Case Study of the Barcelona Metro

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Cetaqua, Water Technology Centre, Carretera d’Esplugues, 75, 08940 Cornellà de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
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Flumen Research Institute, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Calle del Gran Capità, 6, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
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TMB (Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona), Carrer 60, núm. 21-23, sector A, Pol. Ind. de la Zona Franca, 08040 Barcelona, Spain
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AQUATEC (SUEZ Advanced Solutions), Paseo de la Zona Franca, 46-48, 08038 Barcelona, Spain
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Grupo de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Ambiental (GIHA), Escuela Politécnica de La Almunia (EUPLA), Universidad de Zaragoza, Calle Mayor, 5, 50100 La Almunia de Doña Godina, Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5291; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135291
Received: 19 May 2020 / Revised: 25 June 2020 / Accepted: 28 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
Flooding events can produce significant disturbances in underground transport systems within urban areas and lead to economic and technical consequences, which can be worsened by variations in the occurrence of climate extremes. Within the framework of the European project RESCCUE (RESilience to cope with Climate Change in Urban arEas—a multi-sectorial approach focusing on water), climate projections for the city of Barcelona manifest meaningful increases in maximum rainfall intensities for the 2100 horizon. A better comprehension of these impacts and their conditions is consequently needed. A hydrodynamic modelling process was carried out on Barcelona Metro Line 3, as it was identified as vulnerable to pluvial flooding events. The Metro line and all its components are simulated in the urban drainage models as a system of computational link and nodes reproducing the main physical characteristics like slopes and cross-sections when embedded in the current 1D/2D hydrodynamic model of Barcelona used in the project RESCCUE. This study presents a risk analysis focused on ensuring transport service continuity in flood events. The results reveal that two of the 26 stations on Metro Line 3 are exposed to a high risk of flooding in current rainfall conditions, and 11 of the 26 stations on Metro Line 3 are exposed to a high risk of flooding in future rainfall conditions for a 20-year return period event, which affects Metro service in terms of increased risk. This research gives insights for stakeholders and policymakers to enhance urban flood risk management, as a reasonable approach to tackle this issue for Metro systems worldwide. This study provides a baseline for assessing potential flood outcomes in Metro systems and can be used to evaluate adaptation measures’ effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk assessment; climate change; 1D/2D hydrodynamic model; Metro system; subway; urban mobility flood risk assessment; climate change; 1D/2D hydrodynamic model; Metro system; subway; urban mobility
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Forero-Ortiz, E.; Martínez-Gomariz, E.; Cañas Porcuna, M.; Locatelli, L.; Russo, B. Flood Risk Assessment in an Underground Railway System under the Impact of Climate Change—A Case Study of the Barcelona Metro. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5291.

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