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Article

Design Guidelines Developed from Environmental Assessments: A Design Tool for Resource-Efficient Products

1
Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
2
Department of Management and Engineering, Division of Environmental Technology and Management, Linköping University, SE-58183 Linköping, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 4953; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124953
Received: 8 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 11 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Consumption and Production)
The circular economy provides a potential solution to the take–make–dispose model of resource use that currently characterizes the economy. Guidelines for the circular economy often consist of prioritized lists of measures to achieve resource efficiency. However, for the purpose of designing products, such general prioritizations of measures are less useful. Instead, the tool developed in this study is based on learnings from numerous life cycle assessments and provides design recommendations for the improved resource efficiency of products based on product characteristics. The tool includes measures over the whole lifecycle of different products that lead to improved resource efficiency. The tool also demonstrates how different product types, such as different varieties of durable and consumable products, can become more resource-efficient and when trade-offs occur over the lifecycle of a product. The tool was tested in a design case where its usefulness and usability were evaluated using a comparative life cycle assessment and a questionnaire. The evaluation shows the tool is informative and provides design suggestions that lead to improved resource efficiency. The tool is considered usable and could be implemented in design practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: design guidelines; circular economy; resource efficiency; durable products; consumable products; design tool; life cycle assessment design guidelines; circular economy; resource efficiency; durable products; consumable products; design tool; life cycle assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Willskytt, S.; Brambila-Macias, S.A. Design Guidelines Developed from Environmental Assessments: A Design Tool for Resource-Efficient Products. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4953. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124953

AMA Style

Willskytt S, Brambila-Macias SA. Design Guidelines Developed from Environmental Assessments: A Design Tool for Resource-Efficient Products. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):4953. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124953

Chicago/Turabian Style

Willskytt, Siri, and Sergio A. Brambila-Macias 2020. "Design Guidelines Developed from Environmental Assessments: A Design Tool for Resource-Efficient Products" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 4953. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124953

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