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Review

Sustaining What Is Unsustainable: A Review of Urban Sprawl and Urban Socio-Environmental Policies in North America and Western Europe

1
Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Sevilla, Avda. Ramón y Cajal 1, 41018 Sevilla, Spain
2
Instituto de Estudios sobre América Latina, Universidad de Sevilla Avenida de la Ciudad Jardín 20-22, 41005 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4445; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114445
Received: 14 May 2020 / Revised: 21 May 2020 / Accepted: 24 May 2020 / Published: 30 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Geography and Sustainable Urban Sprawl)
Urban sprawl and its economic, social, and environmental consequences are central issues for approaching more sustainable forms of life and production. This review provides a broad theoretical exploration of the main features of urban sprawl but also of sustainable urban policies in Western Europe and North America. Urban sprawl can be observed in both continents, as the search for higher standards of economic, social, and environmental sustainability is also an essential feature of urban governance in the last years. Urban sprawl has been slightly weaker in Western Europe, as its are cities generally more compact. Moreover, in Western Europe, urban sprawl has sometimes been confronted with ex-ante preventive policies. However, in North America, urban sprawl from the 1950s has been an essential element of the social ordering and, thus, of the American way of life. In both cases, urban sprawl has generated successive rounds of accumulation of built capital, which is currently managed in sustainable ways essentially through ex-post and palliative measures, that is, trying to “sustain what is unsustainable”. In other words, the idea is to make urban sprawl more sustainable but without altering its main morphological elements. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sprawl; urban governance; environmental governance; sustainable urban policies; sustainable transition; bio-social construction; brownfields; greenbelts; greenareas; sustainable mobility urban sprawl; urban governance; environmental governance; sustainable urban policies; sustainable transition; bio-social construction; brownfields; greenbelts; greenareas; sustainable mobility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bueno-Suárez, C.; Coq-Huelva, D. Sustaining What Is Unsustainable: A Review of Urban Sprawl and Urban Socio-Environmental Policies in North America and Western Europe. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4445. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114445

AMA Style

Bueno-Suárez C, Coq-Huelva D. Sustaining What Is Unsustainable: A Review of Urban Sprawl and Urban Socio-Environmental Policies in North America and Western Europe. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4445. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114445

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bueno-Suárez, Carlos, and Daniel Coq-Huelva. 2020. "Sustaining What Is Unsustainable: A Review of Urban Sprawl and Urban Socio-Environmental Policies in North America and Western Europe" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4445. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114445

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