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Article

Can Fishing Tourism Contribute to Conservation and Sustainability via Ecotourism? A Case Study of the Fishery for Giant African Threadfin Polydactylus quadrifilis on the Kwanza Estuary, Angola

1
Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, Eastern Cape 6139, South Africa
2
School of Economics, North-West University, Potchefstroom, North-West 2520, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4221; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104221
Received: 20 March 2020 / Revised: 13 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Fisheries Economics and Management)
It has been suggested that tourism fisheries can raise the value of landed catch, provide alternative livelihoods for local artisanal fishers and, because recreationally caught fishes are often released, simultaneously conserve stocks. However, for fishing tourism to meet ecotourism standards, sustainable, local economic benefit is imperative. This study aimed to assess the direct economic contribution of the recreational fishery for Polydactylus quadrifilis on the Kwanza Estuary, Angola. The recreational fishery contributed significantly to economic productivity in an otherwise rural area, generating a total revenue (TR) of $236,826 per four-month fishing season. Based on TR, P. quadrifilis was 3.6–32.6 times more valuable than the same fish caught and sold in the artisanal sector. However, high rates of economic leakage (86.1% of local TR) reduced the value of recreationally caught fish to below that of artisanally caught fish. Important sources of economic leakage were via the non-local sourcing of lodge supplies, services and staff and through the repatriation of profits. Capacity building within the local community is suggested to reduce leakages and to create ‘linkages’ with the recreational fishery. Greater community involvement, including the provision of business shares and greater communication and control, is suggested to achieve sustainability and incentivise the protection of recreationally important fishery species. View Full-Text
Keywords: tourism fisheries; ecotourism; economics; social–ecological systems (SESs); fisheries management; livelihoods; recreational-to-commercial ratio (RCR) tourism fisheries; ecotourism; economics; social–ecological systems (SESs); fisheries management; livelihoods; recreational-to-commercial ratio (RCR)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Butler, E.C.; Childs, A.-R.; Saayman, A.; Potts, W.M. Can Fishing Tourism Contribute to Conservation and Sustainability via Ecotourism? A Case Study of the Fishery for Giant African Threadfin Polydactylus quadrifilis on the Kwanza Estuary, Angola. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104221

AMA Style

Butler EC, Childs A-R, Saayman A, Potts WM. Can Fishing Tourism Contribute to Conservation and Sustainability via Ecotourism? A Case Study of the Fishery for Giant African Threadfin Polydactylus quadrifilis on the Kwanza Estuary, Angola. Sustainability. 2020; 12(10):4221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104221

Chicago/Turabian Style

Butler, Edward C., Amber-Robyn Childs, Andrea Saayman, and Warren M. Potts. 2020. "Can Fishing Tourism Contribute to Conservation and Sustainability via Ecotourism? A Case Study of the Fishery for Giant African Threadfin Polydactylus quadrifilis on the Kwanza Estuary, Angola" Sustainability 12, no. 10: 4221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104221

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