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Open AccessArticle

Quality of Life with Respect to Physical Activity Level in the Unemployed

Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, ul. Prószkowska 76, 45-758 Opole, Poland
Faculty of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Paderewskiego 35 Street, 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, ul. Mikołowska 72A, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4219;
Received: 6 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
Sustainable development is related to the quality of life of individuals and societies. The unemployed have limited opportunities for sustainable individual development. Their life quality conditions remain unclear. The study aim was to assess the relationship between life quality and physical activity level of the unemployed. The research was performed in 2014 and 2015 in Wrocław, Poland, among 403 unemployed persons. The participants’ quality of life was evaluated with the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire. Physical activity was assessed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Most respondents evaluated their general life quality as ≤3 points in the scale of 1–5. The assessments were highest in the social and psychological domains and lowest in the physical and environmental domains. Significant relationships were observed between general life quality and physical activity level. Subjects with the minimum physical activity level recommended by WHO presented higher life quality assessments in the psychological and social domains. Unemployed people with physical activity levels optimal for health benefit evaluated their life quality in the psychological domain worse than people with physical activity below WHO recommendations. Comprehensive health programs should be addressed to the unemployed, including systematic physical activities as health training, which would improve their life quality and promote sustainable individual development. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; physical activity; the unemployed; urban agglomeration quality of life; physical activity; the unemployed; urban agglomeration
MDPI and ACS Style

Puciato, D.; Oleśniewicz, P.; Rozpara, M. Quality of Life with Respect to Physical Activity Level in the Unemployed. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4219.

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