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Article

Assessing the Resilience and Sustainability of a Hazelnut Farming System in Central Italy with a Participatory Approach

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Plant Production Systems, Wageningen University and Research, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Business Economics, Wageningen University and Research, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 343; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010343
Received: 14 December 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 27 December 2019 / Published: 1 January 2020
European agriculture is facing increasing economic, environmental, institutional, and social challenges, from changes in demographic trends to the effects of climate change. In this context of high instability, the agricultural sector in Europe needs to improve its resilience and sustainability. Local assessments and strategies at the farming system level are needed, and this paper focuses on a hazelnut farming system in central Italy. For the assessment, a participatory approach was used, based on a stakeholder workshop. The results depicted a system with a strong economic and productive role, but which seems to overlook natural resources. This would suggest a relatively low environmental sustainability of the system, although the actual environmental impact of hazelnut farming is controversial. In terms of resilience, we assessed it by looking at the perceived level of three capacities: robustness, adaptability, and transformability. The results portrayed a highly robust system, but with relatively lower adaptability and transformability. Taking the farming system as the focal level was important to consider the role of different actors. While mechanisation has played a central role in enhancing past and present system resilience, future improvements can be achieved through collective strategies and system diversification, and by strengthening the local hazelnut value chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; sustainability; farming system; participatory assessment; perennial system; Viterbo; specialisation resilience; sustainability; farming system; participatory assessment; perennial system; Viterbo; specialisation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nera, E.; Paas, W.; Reidsma, P.; Paolini, G.; Antonioli, F.; Severini, S. Assessing the Resilience and Sustainability of a Hazelnut Farming System in Central Italy with a Participatory Approach. Sustainability 2020, 12, 343. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010343

AMA Style

Nera E, Paas W, Reidsma P, Paolini G, Antonioli F, Severini S. Assessing the Resilience and Sustainability of a Hazelnut Farming System in Central Italy with a Participatory Approach. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):343. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010343

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nera, Elena, Wim Paas, Pytrik Reidsma, Giulio Paolini, Federico Antonioli, and Simone Severini. 2020. "Assessing the Resilience and Sustainability of a Hazelnut Farming System in Central Italy with a Participatory Approach" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 343. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010343

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