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Article

Agronomic Evaluation of Bread Wheat Varieties from Participatory Breeding: A Combination of Performance and Robustness

1
GQE–Le Moulon, INRAE, Univ. Paris-Sud, CNRS, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2
Réseau Semences Paysannes, 3 avenue de la gare, 47190 Aiguillon, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 128; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010128
Received: 1 November 2019 / Revised: 12 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 23 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic Resources for Sustainable Agriculture)
Participatory plant breeding (PPB) is based on the decentralization of selection in farmers’ fields and their involvement in decision-making at all steps of the breeding scheme. Despite the evidence of its benefits to develop population varieties adapted to diversified and local practices and conditions, such as organic farming, PPB is still not widely used. There is a need to share more broadly how the different programs have overcome scientific, practical, and organizational issues and produced a large number of positive outcomes. Here, we report on a PPB program that started on bread wheat in France in 2006 and has achieved a range of outcomes, from the emergence of new organization among actors, to specific experimental designs and statistical methods developed, and to populations varieties developed and cultivated by farmers. We present the results of a two-year agronomic evaluation of the first population varieties developed within this PPB program compared to two commercial varieties currently grown in organic agriculture. We found that several PPB varieties were of great agronomic interest, combining relatively good performance even under the most favorable conditions of organic agriculture and good robustness, i.e., the ability to maintain productivity under more constraining conditions. The PPB varieties also tended to show a good temporal dynamic stability and appeared promising for the farmers involved. View Full-Text
Keywords: participatory plant breeding; genotype x environment interaction; organic farming; AMMI (Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction) model participatory plant breeding; genotype x environment interaction; organic farming; AMMI (Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction) model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goldringer, I.; van Frank, G.; Bouvier d’Yvoire, C.; Forst, E.; Galic, N.; Garnault, M.; Locqueville, J.; Pin, S.; Bailly, J.; Baltassat, R.; Berthellot, J.-F.; Caizergues, F.; Dalmasso, C.; de Kochko, P.; Gascuel, J.-S.; Hyacinthe, A.; Lacanette, J.; Mercier, F.; Montaz, H.; Ronot, B.; Rivière, P. Agronomic Evaluation of Bread Wheat Varieties from Participatory Breeding: A Combination of Performance and Robustness. Sustainability 2020, 12, 128. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010128

AMA Style

Goldringer I, van Frank G, Bouvier d’Yvoire C, Forst E, Galic N, Garnault M, Locqueville J, Pin S, Bailly J, Baltassat R, Berthellot J-F, Caizergues F, Dalmasso C, de Kochko P, Gascuel J-S, Hyacinthe A, Lacanette J, Mercier F, Montaz H, Ronot B, Rivière P. Agronomic Evaluation of Bread Wheat Varieties from Participatory Breeding: A Combination of Performance and Robustness. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):128. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010128

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goldringer, Isabelle; van Frank, Gaëlle; Bouvier d’Yvoire, Caroline; Forst, Emma; Galic, Nathalie; Garnault, Maxime; Locqueville, Jonathan; Pin, Sophie; Bailly, Julien; Baltassat, Raphael; Berthellot, Jean-François; Caizergues, François; Dalmasso, Christian; de Kochko, Patrick; Gascuel, Jean-Sébastien; Hyacinthe, Alexandre; Lacanette, Julien; Mercier, Florent; Montaz, Hélène; Ronot, Bernard; Rivière, Pierre. 2020. "Agronomic Evaluation of Bread Wheat Varieties from Participatory Breeding: A Combination of Performance and Robustness" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 128. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010128

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