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Carbon Footprint as a Lever for Sustained Competitive Strategy in Developing a Smart Oenology: Evidence from an Exploratory Study in Italy

Interdepartmental Research Center for Viticulture and Enology, Via XXVIII Aprile 14, 31015 Conegliano, Italy
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Sustainability 2019, 11(5), 1483; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051483
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 1 March 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Geography: Location, Innovation and Sustainable Development)
In the wine sector, the choice of a sustainable strategy based on smart marketing has gained more relevance due to the growing importance of sustainability. The literature illustrates a multiplicity of perspectives, wherever firms are committed to improving sustainability and market performance. This exploratory paper aims to make sense of the extant literature by analysing 10 case studies in Italy, focusing on sustainable competitive resources and strategies, considering the role of CF (Carbon Footprint) as a crucial factor. The research has considered a complementary theoretical framework based on both Resource-Based Theory and Competitive Advantage Theory. Data were analysed by descriptive statistical techniques. The results show a bundle of unique resources and strategies in pursuing firm performance, wherever CF may lead to significant sustained competitive advantages in firms’ value capture (ex. image and reputation and customers’ relationships loyalty, entrance into new foreign markets). Findings highlight that perceiving the costs and benefits of investments in lowering CF may guide to a more accurate understanding of the value-creating from the different type of eco-innovation for building tailor-made communicational and marketing strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: winemaking; value capture mechanism; physical capital resources; emission reduction practices; eco-innovation; environmental impact winemaking; value capture mechanism; physical capital resources; emission reduction practices; eco-innovation; environmental impact
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Galletto, L.; Barisan, L. Carbon Footprint as a Lever for Sustained Competitive Strategy in Developing a Smart Oenology: Evidence from an Exploratory Study in Italy. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1483.

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