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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Hospital Specialization on Congestion and Efficiency

1
Department of Business Administration, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
2
Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(5), 1475; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051475
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 25 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 10 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
The purpose of this study is to verify the existence of congestion in Korean hospitals, to identify the causes of congestion, and to suggest directions for efficiency improvement of hospitals. The result showed that congestion occurred in 71.90% of 1185 hospitals. In addition, it was found that hospital specialization has a negative effect on congestion. In other words, the higher the hospital specialization, the lower the overall congestion rate of the hospital. More specifically, the specialization of hospitals also showed a negative effect on congestion of nurses. On the other hand, hospital specialization was found to have a positive effect on the congestion of the number of doctors, but it does not have a significant effect on the congestion of hospital beds. It was also found that hospital size has an effect on the relationship between hospital specialization and congestion, but the location of the hospital and the type of ownership did not act as a moderator. View Full-Text
Keywords: congestion; efficiency; data envelopment analysis; specialization; hospital management congestion; efficiency; data envelopment analysis; specialization; hospital management
MDPI and ACS Style

Park, S.-h.; Ko, J.H.; Bae, E.-s.; Chang, M.; Kim, D. The Impact of Hospital Specialization on Congestion and Efficiency. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1475. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051475

AMA Style

Park S-h, Ko JH, Bae E-s, Chang M, Kim D. The Impact of Hospital Specialization on Congestion and Efficiency. Sustainability. 2019; 11(5):1475. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051475

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Sung-hun; Ko, Joong H.; Bae, Eun-song; Chang, Meehyang; Kim, Daecheol. 2019. "The Impact of Hospital Specialization on Congestion and Efficiency" Sustainability 11, no. 5: 1475. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051475

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