Next Article in Journal
Pay for Being Responsible: The Effect of Target Firm’s Corporate Social Responsibility on Cross-Border Acquisition Premiums
Previous Article in Journal
From Rare to Neglected Diseases: A Sustainable and Inclusive Healthcare Perspective for Reframing the Orphan Drugs Issue
Article Menu
Issue 5 (March-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Universal Welfare May Be Costly: Evidence from School Meal Programs and Student Fitness in South Korea

1
Raj Soin College of Business, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
2
College of Business Administration, Hongik University, Seoul 04066, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(5), 1290; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051290
Received: 25 January 2019 / Revised: 18 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 1 March 2019
  |  
PDF [652 KB, uploaded 1 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

The Free School Meal Program (FSMP) initiated in 2011 in South Korea allows participating schools to provide free lunches to all students regardless of their household income. This paper examines how universal free school meal programs are associated with student health outcomes. We empirically show that FSMP reduces the share of students with high fitness grades by up to 1.5% of the student population. We also find that expenses for physical education decrease in schools that adopt FSMP. These results suggest that FSMP could crowd out investments in student physical activities, and student fitness could be negatively impacted. The paper sheds light on the importance of budgetary balance between universal welfare programs and other educational programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: school meal program; physical fitness; universal welfare; educational funds; school budget school meal program; physical fitness; universal welfare; educational funds; school budget
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Baek, D.; Choi, Y.; Lee, H. Universal Welfare May Be Costly: Evidence from School Meal Programs and Student Fitness in South Korea. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1290.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top