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Article

A Multi-Criteria Decision Maker for Grid-Connected Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems Selection Using Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization

1
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan
2
Energy Transition Hub, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3053, Australia
3
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur-613401, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 1188; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041188
Received: 11 January 2019 / Revised: 16 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 23 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Power System and Sustainability)
Combating climate change issues resulting from excessive use of fossil fuels comes with huge initial costs, thereby posing difficult challenges for the least developed countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to invest in renewable energy alternatives, especially with rapid industrialization. However, designing renewable energy systems usually hinges on different economic and environmental criteria. This paper used the Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) technique to optimally size ten grid-connected hybrid blocks selected amongst Photo-Voltaic (PV) panels, onshore wind turbines, biomass combustion plant using sugarcane bagasse, Battery Energy Storage System (BESS), and Diesel Generation (DG) system as backup power, to reduce the supply deficit in Sierra Leone. Resource assessment using well-known methods was done for PV, wind, and biomass for proposed plant sites in Kabala District in Northern and Kenema District in Southern Sierra Leone. Long term analysis was done for the ten hybrid blocks projected over 20 years whilst ensuring the following objectives: minimizing the Deficiency of Power Supply Probability (DPSP), Diesel Energy Fraction (DEF), Life Cycle Costs (LCC), and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions. Capacity factors of 27.41 % and 31.6 % obtained for PV and wind, respectively, indicate that Kabala district is the most feasible location for PV and wind farm installations. The optimum results obtained are compared across selected blocks for DPSP values of 0–50% to determine the most economical and environmentally friendly alternative that policy makers in Sierra Leone and the region could apply to similar cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind energy; solar energy; biomass energy; battery energy storage; grid-connected hybrid energy system; diesel energy fraction; CO2 emissions; reliability and sustainability; MOPSO wind energy; solar energy; biomass energy; battery energy storage; grid-connected hybrid energy system; diesel energy fraction; CO2 emissions; reliability and sustainability; MOPSO
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MDPI and ACS Style

Konneh, D.A.; Howlader, H.O.R.; Shigenobu, R.; Senjyu, T.; Chakraborty, S.; Krishna, N. A Multi-Criteria Decision Maker for Grid-Connected Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems Selection Using Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1188. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041188

AMA Style

Konneh DA, Howlader HOR, Shigenobu R, Senjyu T, Chakraborty S, Krishna N. A Multi-Criteria Decision Maker for Grid-Connected Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems Selection Using Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization. Sustainability. 2019; 11(4):1188. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041188

Chicago/Turabian Style

Konneh, David A.; Howlader, Harun O.R.; Shigenobu, Ryuto; Senjyu, Tomonobu; Chakraborty, Shantanu; Krishna, Narayanan. 2019. "A Multi-Criteria Decision Maker for Grid-Connected Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems Selection Using Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization" Sustainability 11, no. 4: 1188. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041188

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