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Come Together—The Development of Swedish Energy Communities

by 1,* and 2
Department of Thematic Studies—Technology and Social Change, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 1056;
Received: 19 December 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 18 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
Community energy (CE) and grassroots innovations have been widely studied in recent years, especially in the UK, Germany, and the Netherlands, but very little focus has been placed on Sweden. This paper describes and analyses the development and present state of several types of community energy initiatives in Sweden. The methodology uses interviews, document studies, analysis of previous studies, and website analysis. The results show that fewer initiatives have been taken in Sweden than in other countries, but that even with a rather ‘hostile’ institutional setting CE has emerged as a phenomenon. Wind cooperatives are the most common form of initiative, with solar photovoltaics cooperatives and eco-villages also prominent. The various types of initiatives differ considerably, from well-organized wind cooperatives that have grown into professional organizations to small-scale hydroelectric power plants owned by a rural community. The initiatives may have modest impact on the energy transition in quantitative terms, but they are crucial in knowledge sharing and as inspirations for future initiatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: community energy; grassroots innovations; energy cooperatives; Sweden community energy; grassroots innovations; energy cooperatives; Sweden
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MDPI and ACS Style

Magnusson, D.; Palm, J. Come Together—The Development of Swedish Energy Communities. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1056.

AMA Style

Magnusson D, Palm J. Come Together—The Development of Swedish Energy Communities. Sustainability. 2019; 11(4):1056.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Magnusson, Dick, and Jenny Palm. 2019. "Come Together—The Development of Swedish Energy Communities" Sustainability 11, no. 4: 1056.

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