Next Article in Journal
Perspectives on Comprehensive Sustainability-Orientation in Municipalities: Structuring Existing Approaches
Previous Article in Journal
Multi-Criteria, Cost-Benefit, and Life-Cycle Analyses for Decision-Making to Support Responsible, Sustainable, and Alternative Tourism
Previous Article in Special Issue
Monitoring the Characteristics of the Bohai Sea Ice Using High-Resolution Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) Data
Article

New Strategies to Improve Co-Management in Enclosed Coastal Seas and Wetlands Subjected to Complex Environments: Socio-Economic Analysis Applied to an International Recovery Success Case Study after an Environmental Crisis

Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Cartagena, 30009 Cartagena, Spain
Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 1039; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041039
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 16 February 2019
Enclosed coastal seas and wetlands are areas of high ecological value with singular fauna and flora, but several cases of environmental catastrophes in recent decades can easily be referenced in the international literature. The management of these natural territories is complex in developed countries since they are usually subjected to intense human activity with a varied catalog of activities and anthropizing features that alter the balance of the ecosystem. In this article, the concept of the Socio-Ecological System (SES) to diagnose and achieve a sustainable cohabitation between human anthropization and the natural values based on the tool of GIS participatory mapping is proposed as an innovative approach for the management and recovery of these complex areas. The article develops a comprehensive general methodology of spatial GIS diagnosis, planning, and co-management implementation between public and private stakeholders combined with economic tools such as the Willingness to Pay (WTP) and the Cost Transfer Sector (CTS). This innovative approach is applied to the Mar Menor lagoon, which is an international and successful case study of environmental recovery on the Spanish Mediterranean coast. The coastal lagoon suffered an unprecedented eutrophication crisis in 2015, but it managed to recover in the summer of 2018 without the need to implement major structural measures. In this case study, several solutions to redress the current impacts will be developed through a participatory process based on GIS mapping. Lastly, the discussion reflects the concept of self-resilience of an ecosystem based on the unexpected positive turn of the environmental crisis in the lagoon ending. View Full-Text
Keywords: socio-ecologic system; GIS participatory mapping; environmental crisis; enclosed coastal seas and wetlands; willingness to pay; cost transfer sector; public-private co-management; diffuse anthropization socio-ecologic system; GIS participatory mapping; environmental crisis; enclosed coastal seas and wetlands; willingness to pay; cost transfer sector; public-private co-management; diffuse anthropization
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

García-Ayllón, S. New Strategies to Improve Co-Management in Enclosed Coastal Seas and Wetlands Subjected to Complex Environments: Socio-Economic Analysis Applied to an International Recovery Success Case Study after an Environmental Crisis. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1039. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041039

AMA Style

García-Ayllón S. New Strategies to Improve Co-Management in Enclosed Coastal Seas and Wetlands Subjected to Complex Environments: Socio-Economic Analysis Applied to an International Recovery Success Case Study after an Environmental Crisis. Sustainability. 2019; 11(4):1039. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041039

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Ayllón, Salvador. 2019. "New Strategies to Improve Co-Management in Enclosed Coastal Seas and Wetlands Subjected to Complex Environments: Socio-Economic Analysis Applied to an International Recovery Success Case Study after an Environmental Crisis" Sustainability 11, no. 4: 1039. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041039

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop