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Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 926; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030926

Impact of Migrant Workers on Total Factor Productivity in Chinese Construction Industry

1
School of Construction Management and Real Estate, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
2
The International Research Center for Sustainable Built Environment, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
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College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
4
School of Civil Engineering, Inner Mongolia University of Science & Technology, Baotou 014010, China
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Chongqing Construction Technology Development Center, Chongqing 400015, China
6
School of Architecture and Built Environment, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 7 February 2019 / Accepted: 9 February 2019 / Published: 12 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Total factor productivity (TFP) is of critical importance to the sustainable development of construction industry. This paper presents an analysis on the impact of migrant workers on TFP in Chinese construction sector. Interestingly, Solow Residual Approach is applied to conduct the analysis through comparing two scenarios, namely the scenario without considering migrant workers (Scenario A) and the scenario with including migrant workers (Scenario B). The data are collected from the China Statistical Yearbook on Construction and Chinese Annual Report on Migrant Workers for the period of 2008–2015. The results indicate that migrant workers have a significant impact on TFP, during the surveyed period they improved TFP by 10.42% in total and promoted the annual average TFP growth by 0.96%. Hence, it can be seen that the impact of migrant workers on TFP is very significant, whilst the main reason for such impact is believed to be the improvement of migrant workers’ quality obtained mainly throughout learning by doing. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction industry; migrant workers; total factor productivity (TFP); Solow Residual Approach; learning by doing construction industry; migrant workers; total factor productivity (TFP); Solow Residual Approach; learning by doing
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Ye, G.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, L.; Xie, H.; Fu, Y.; Zuo, J. Impact of Migrant Workers on Total Factor Productivity in Chinese Construction Industry. Sustainability 2019, 11, 926.

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