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Article

Locus of Control: The Mediation Effect between Emotional Stability and Pro-Environmental Behavior

1
Graduate Institute of Environmental Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677, Taiwan
2
Human Development and Learning program, Lesley University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
3
School of Management and Enterprise, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 820; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030820
Received: 25 December 2018 / Revised: 31 January 2019 / Accepted: 1 February 2019 / Published: 5 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
Locus of control is a crucial factor in pro-environmental behavior. However, studies on pro-environmental behavior investigating the predisposing factors of internal locus of control are limited. Therefore, the objective of this study further explored the predisposing factors of locus of control and revealed that emotional stability may be a predisposing factor for internal locus of control and pro-environmental behavior. A questionnaire survey was conducted in Taiwan (n = 473) and the responses were explored using structural equation modeling path analysis. The results revealed that emotional stability can promote pro-environmental behavior through the mediation effect of internal locus of control, indicating that emotional stability is a predisposing factor for locus of control-generated pro-environmental behavior. Thus, the study results indicated that people with higher emotional stability and a stronger internal locus of control are more likely to engage in pro-environmental behavior. Hence, to promote pro-environmental behavior through environmental protection education, people’s self-control awareness must be strengthened to enable them to remain calm and peaceful. View Full-Text
Keywords: emotional stability; locus of control; pro-environmental behavior; structural equation modeling emotional stability; locus of control; pro-environmental behavior; structural equation modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chiang, Y.-T.; Fang, W.-T.; Kaplan, U.; Ng, E. Locus of Control: The Mediation Effect between Emotional Stability and Pro-Environmental Behavior. Sustainability 2019, 11, 820. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030820

AMA Style

Chiang Y-T, Fang W-T, Kaplan U, Ng E. Locus of Control: The Mediation Effect between Emotional Stability and Pro-Environmental Behavior. Sustainability. 2019; 11(3):820. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030820

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chiang, Yi-Te, Wei-Ta Fang, Ulas Kaplan, and Eric Ng. 2019. "Locus of Control: The Mediation Effect between Emotional Stability and Pro-Environmental Behavior" Sustainability 11, no. 3: 820. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030820

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