Next Article in Journal
Characterization of Small Forest Landowners as a Basis for Sustainable Forestry Management in the Libertador General Bernardo O’Higgins Region, Chile
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Sediment Trapping Efficiency of Vegetative Filter Strips Using Machine Learning Models
Open AccessArticle

Environmental Impact of the High Concentrator Photovoltaic Thermal 2000x System

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Brunel University London, Kingston Lane, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(24), 7213; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247213
Received: 28 October 2019 / Revised: 10 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 December 2019 / Published: 16 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Systems and Sustainability)
High Concentrator Photovoltaic Thermal (HCPV/T) systems produce both electrical and thermal energy and they are efficient in areas with high Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI). This paper estimates the lifecycle environmental impact of the HCPV/T 2000x system for both electrical and thermal functionalities. Process-based attributional method following the guidelines and framework of ISO 14044/40 was used to conduct the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The midpoint and endpoint impact categories were studied. It was found that the main hotspots are the production of the thermal energy system contributing with 50% and 55%, respectively, followed by the production of the tracking system with 29% and 32% and the operation and maintenance with 13% and 7%. The main contributor to the lifecycle environmental impact category indicators was found to be the raw materials acquisition/production and manufacturing of the thermal energy and tracking systems. The results indicate that the lifecycle environmental impact of the HCPV/T 2000x system is lower compared to fuel-based Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and non-Renewable Energy Sources (non-RES) systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); environmental impacts; High Concentrator Photovoltaic Thermal (HCPV/T) Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); environmental impacts; High Concentrator Photovoltaic Thermal (HCPV/T)
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Shittu, E.; Kolokotroni, M.; Stojceska, V. Environmental Impact of the High Concentrator Photovoltaic Thermal 2000x System. Sustainability 2019, 11, 7213.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop