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Open AccessArticle

An Evaluation of Historical Trends in New Mexico Beef Cattle Production in Relation to Climate and Energy

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Department of Animal and Range Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
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New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute and Department of Animal and Range Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
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Department of Natural Resources in Arid Lands, Prince El-Hassan bin Talal Faculty for Arid Lands, The Hashemite University, Zarqa 13133, Jordan
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Department of Economics, Applied Statistics & International Business, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6840; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236840
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 26 November 2019 / Accepted: 29 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Food-Energy-Water (FEW) Nexus)
In support of Food-Energy-Water Systems (FEWS) analysis to enhance its sustainability for New Mexico (NM), this study evaluated observed trends in beef cattle population in response to environmental and economic changes. The specific goal was to provide an improved understanding of the behavior of NM’s beef cattle production systems relative to precipitation, temperature, rangeland conditions, production of hay and crude oil, and prices of hay and crude oil. Historical data of all variables were available for the 1973–2017 period. The analysis was conducted using generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity models. The results indicated declining trends in beef cattle population and prices. The most important predictors of beef cattle population variation were hay production, mean annual hay prices, and mean annual temperature, whereas mean annual temperature, cattle feed sold, and crude oil production were the most important predictors for calf population that weigh under 500 lb. Prices of beef cattle showed a strong positive relationship with crude oil production, mean annual hay prices, rangeland conditions, and mean annual precipitation. However, mean annual temperature had a negative relationship with mean annual beef prices. Variation in mean annual calf prices was explained by hay production, mean annual temperature, and crude oil production. This analysis suggested that NM’s beef cattle production systems were affected mainly and directly by mean annual temperature and crude oil production, and to a lesser extent by other factors studied in this research. View Full-Text
Keywords: hay; beef cattle; precipitation; temperature; rangeland conditions; crude oil; New Mexico hay; beef cattle; precipitation; temperature; rangeland conditions; crude oil; New Mexico
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zaied, A.J.; Geli, H.M.; Holechek, J.L.; Cibils, A.F.; Sawalhah, M.N.; Gard, C.C. An Evaluation of Historical Trends in New Mexico Beef Cattle Production in Relation to Climate and Energy. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6840.

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