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Open AccessArticle

Government Size and Regional Capital Flows in China

by 1,* and 1,2
Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, School of public Administration, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6653;
Received: 29 October 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 25 November 2019
Capital flows are key variables supporting the sustainability of economic growth. Based on a dataset of 31 provinces in China over 1997–2014, this paper utilizes the system generalized method of moments (System GMM) to investigate the determinants of capital flows and analyses the impact of government size on capital flows. Preliminary results show that government size exerts a negative effect on capital inflows. Specifically, government spending on capital construction and administration crowds out capital inflows significantly, while government spending on science and technology crowds in capital inflows dramatically. In addition, high quality human capital, advanced financial development, and high-level trade openness are conducive to capital inflows. High tax and labor cost impede capital inflows. These results provide proof for China’s government to reduce the size of government spending appropriately and optimize its government expenditure structure for the purpose of crowding in capital inflows. View Full-Text
Keywords: government size; capital flows; Lucas paradox; institutional arrangement government size; capital flows; Lucas paradox; institutional arrangement
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Han, H.; Lin, S. Government Size and Regional Capital Flows in China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6653.

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