Next Article in Journal
Changes in Land Cover in Cacheu River Mangroves Natural Park, Guinea-Bissau: The Need for a More Sustainable Management
Previous Article in Journal
PSS Strategic Alignment: Linking Service Transition Strategy with PSS Business Model
Open AccessArticle

Aging of Agricultural Labor Force and Technical Efficiency in Tea Production: Evidence from Meitan County, China

1
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6246; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226246
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 2 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
While the aging of agricultural labor force and its impact on agricultural production have been attracting extensive attention, little is known about the relationship between aging of agricultural labor force and technical efficiency in tea production. Using the stochastic frontier analysis and cross-sectional survey data covering 241 tea-producing farmers in Meitan County in China, this study attempts to investigate the impact of aging of tea-producing farmers on technical efficiency in tea production in the mountainous areas of southwestern China. The results show that the average technical efficiency in tea production is 0.581, implying a great room for improving technical efficiency in tea production in Meitan County. While there might exist an inverted U-shaped relationship between farmers’ age and technical efficiency, the aging of tea-producing farmers would exert negative impact on technical efficiency in tea production. In addition, rural–urban migration experience, number of household laborers, distance from home to village committee, and township location are also significantly related with technical efficiency. The findings in this study are proved to be robust. Hence, several policy implications for meeting the challenges from aging of agricultural labor force and improving technical efficiency in tea production in the mountainous areas of southwestern China are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; agricultural labor force; technical efficiency; stochastic frontier analysis; tea aging; agricultural labor force; technical efficiency; stochastic frontier analysis; tea
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Zhang, C.; Hu, R.; Zhu, X.; Cai, J. Aging of Agricultural Labor Force and Technical Efficiency in Tea Production: Evidence from Meitan County, China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6246.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop