Next Article in Journal
Unveiling the Relationship between the Use of Open Educational Resources and the Adoption of Open Teaching Practices in Higher Education
Previous Article in Journal
Comprehensive Evaluation of the Sustainable Development of Battery Electric Vehicles in China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Lane-Level Road Network Generation Techniques for Lane-Level Maps of Autonomous Vehicles: A Survey
Open AccessArticle

Eco-Speed Guidance for the Mixed Traffic of Electric Vehicles and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles at an Isolated Signalized Intersection

1
School of Transportation and Logistics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
2
JSTI Group, Smart City Institute, Nanjing 210017, China
3
China Academy of Transportation Sciences, No.240, Huixinli, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China
4
Institute of Materials and Systems for Sustainability, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5636; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205636
Received: 17 August 2019 / Revised: 29 September 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable and Intelligent Transportation Systems)
Although electric vehicles (EVs) have been regarded as promising to reduce tailpipe emissions and energy consumption, a mixed traffic flow of EVs and internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) makes the energy/emissions reduction objective more difficult because EVs and ICEVs have various general characteristics. This paper proposes a low-emission-oriented speed guidance model to address the energy/emission reduction issue under a mixed traffic flow at an isolated signalized intersection to achieve the objective of reducing emissions and total energy consumption while reducing vehicle delay and travel time. The total energy/emissions under different market penetration rates of EVs with various traffic volumes are analyzed and compared. Numerical examples demonstrate that the proposed speed guidance model has better performance than those without considering the impact of queues. For a certain traffic volume, the energy/emission reduction effects under speed guidance will increase with an increasing share of EVs. This paper also explores the impact of the time interval for guidance renewal on vehicle emissions in practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; mixed traffic flow; speed guidance; vehicle queues; emission reduction electric vehicle; mixed traffic flow; speed guidance; vehicle queues; emission reduction
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, K.; Liu, D.; Li, C.; Yamamoto, T. Eco-Speed Guidance for the Mixed Traffic of Electric Vehicles and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles at an Isolated Signalized Intersection. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5636.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop