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Evolution of Marine Environmental Governance Policy in China

College of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5076;
Received: 13 July 2019 / Revised: 28 August 2019 / Accepted: 11 September 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
This paper aims to unearth the ways in which the Chinese government applies policies to govern the marine environment effectively. Co-word analysis, word frequency analysis and multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) were chosen to analyze the evolution of marine environmental policy. This paper focuses on the marine environmental governance policy of China since 1982, takes the five-year plan for marine economic development as the node, divides these policies into five stages: The germination period, the 10th Five-Year Plan period, the 11th Five-Year Plan period, the 12th Five-Year Plan period and the 13th Five-Year Plan period. The evolution characteristics of China’s marine environmental governance policy are analyzed accordingly and include the diversification of participants, changes from ex-post control to ex-ante control, diversification of policy tools, and expansion of governance scope. Finally, we elucidate the challenges regarding the formulation and implementation of China’s marine environmental governance policies in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: evolution; marine environmental governance; policy evolution; marine environmental governance; policy
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Yu, J.; Bi, W. Evolution of Marine Environmental Governance Policy in China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5076.

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