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Techno-Economic and Sensitivity Analyses for an Optimal Hybrid Power System Which Is Adaptable and Effective for Rural Electrification: A Case Study of Nigeria

Renewable Energy Research Group, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 4959; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184959
Received: 18 July 2019 / Revised: 26 August 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
This paper studies in detail a systematic approach to offering a combination of conventional and renewable energy that is adaptable enough to operate in grid-connected and off- grid modes to provide power to a remote village located in Nigeria. To this aim, the HOMER pro software tool was used to model two scenarios from the on-and off-grid systems, evaluating in detail the techno-economic effects and operational behavior of the systems and their adverse impacts on the environment. The impacts of varying load demand, grid power and sellback prices, diesel prices, and solar irradiation levels on system performance were discussed. Results showed that, for both cases, the optimum design consists of a diesel generator rated at 12 kW, with a photovoltaic (PV) panel of 54 kW, a 70 battery group (484 kWh nominal capacity battery bank), and a 21 kW converter. The cost of electricity (COE) and net present cost (NPC) were in the range of $0.1/kWh to 0.218 $/kWh and $117,598 to $273,185, respectively, and CO2 emissions ranged between 5963 and 49,393 kg/year in the two configurations. The results of this work provide a general framework for setting up a flexible and reliable system architecture to ensure continuous power supply to consumers under all conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid system; photovoltaic (PV); HOMER; techno-economic analysis; net present cost (NPC) hybrid system; photovoltaic (PV); HOMER; techno-economic analysis; net present cost (NPC)
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Oladigbolu, J.O.; Ramli, M.A.M.; Al-Turki, Y.A. Techno-Economic and Sensitivity Analyses for an Optimal Hybrid Power System Which Is Adaptable and Effective for Rural Electrification: A Case Study of Nigeria. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4959.

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